Henry was born on New Year's Eve 1843 in Burton on Trent into what we would probably classify today as a typical Victorian middle class family. He was the son of John and Esther Whitehouse and grandson of William and Martha Uglow. His father, like his grandfather before him, was an Excise Officer.
As was so typical of that time, his parents had, after 17 years of marriage, accumulated a large family consisting of three sons, John, 16, William, 10, and George, 3, and three daughters, Esther, 13, Jane, 8, and Mary, 5. Henry was to be their last son. Their previous son, also called Henry, had been born in June the previous year but had died. A year and a half later, their last daughter, Ann, was to be born. His oldest brother, John, was pursuing a military career but returned home about 6 years later, around the time that Henry's second oldest brother, William, is thought to have left home to become apprenticed to a clothier.
Henry's education probably followed that of his brother William who, at the ages of 13 and 14, was educated at what appears to have been a local Church of England sponsored school called William Dunwell's Day and Boarding Academy in High Street, Burton. From the 1850's onward the breweries at Burton began a period of steady growth and would have offered attractive and lucrative careers to the well educated boys of the Trease family. Like his brothers, John and George before him, Henry went into the brewing industry and by 1861 was working as a brewer's clerk for one of the local Burton breweries.
Henry marries daughter of prominent Rugeley businessman
By 1870 Henry had become a commercial traveller (almost certainly for a brewery) and had moved to 9 Albion Terrace, Coventry. On the 4th January 1870, aged 26, he married Ann Salisbury in Providence Chapel, Rugeley. Ann's father, William Bartholomew Salisbury, a retired farmer/maltster and saddler, was chairman of the Rugeley Board (a post similar to a present day leader of a Borough Council) and prominent in the Primitive Methodist church. William, the son of Samuel Salisbury, had married Eleanor Salisbury, the daughter of his father's brother, Thomas, a prosperous Sheffied chemist, in 1846. They had had two children, Ann and her brother Drayton, before Eleanor died in 1865. Marriage of first cousins was and still is not illegal and does not seems to have been frowned upon in those times like it might be today. However, the impact on the gene sets of Ann and her brother Drayton may have had a part in the tragedy that was to subsequently unfold.
Henry and Ann spent the first years of their married life in Coventry where they had two daughters - Eleanor, and Florence. In 1873, they moved to Kings Norton which is to the South of Birmingham where they had their third daughter, Ethel. Sometime before 1875 Henry went into partnership with Henry Bowrey to run a Stone and Marble Masons known as "Bowrey and Trease" at the Midland Marble Works in Edmund Street, Birmingham. In April 1875 he withdrew from the business which appears to have continued trading as "Bowrey and Orwin" but went bankrupt in 1878. At about the same time Henry went into partnership with one George Warburton Lewis and, trading as "Lewis and Trease", they ran a colliery at Great Bloxwich, Walsall, and brick manufacturing at two locations - at Parks, near Hazlewell Mill, Worcester and at Hob-lane in Aston. George Warburton Lewis was recorded in 1871 as a brick and tile manufacturer, of High Street, Broseley in 1871 so it seems likely that Henry may have injected capital into George's business to help it expand. By November 1875, Henry had moved home to 39 Glovers Road, Aston possibly close to the brickworks he managed there. On the 22nd June 1876, he appears to have bought out his partner George Lewis and taken over total control of the running the businesses.
While living in Aston, Henry and Ann had three more children. The first was their first son whom, for some reason now lost, Henry chose to name William Henry, the identical name that his brother William had given to his only son born 13 years earlier. The following year, they had a second son, Percy, but he died in infancy aged 1. In 1878, they had their last child, a daughter, whom they named Lilian Edith.
In 1879, shortly after Edith's birth, Henry was appointed Manager of the Burton Brewery Company Limited of 248 Castle Street, Dudley and the family moved to Dudley. This appointment may imply that something was amiss with his business ventures and he needed to top up his income from other sources.
Ann and Henry separate
After they moved to Dudley, three tragic events struck the Salisbury family. The first occurred on the 18th June 1880, when Ann's brother Drayton, who was only 29, died of an opium overdose. The coroner's inquest adjudged that although Drayton had died by his own hand, "he had taken it himself in ignorance of the proper dose" and so suicide was ruled out. The second occurred just under two months later, on the 12th August 1880, when Ann's father, William Bartholomew Salisbury, was adjudged bankrupt. Her father who had been prominent in the local affairs of Rugeley and a major benefactor of the local Primitive Methodist Church had to leave Rugely and live with his brother in Dolobran Road, Smethwick, Birmingham. This was an ignominious end to a citizen who appears to have been selfless in serving the local community. William Bartholomew Salisbury died within two years, leaving no will. Presumably as a bankrupt he no longer had any property to bequeath. The third concerned Ann herself who separated from Henry at around the same time as the other two events but whose precise date is unknown. It appears that Ann accompanied the family to Dudley in 1879, and separated from Henry while he was working there.
The fact that three tragic events in the Salisbury family happened within months of each other begs the question as to whether they were connected in some way. A possible explanation, and it must be emphasised that this is only speculation, is that failure of Henry's business ventures could have triggered all three events. We know that Henry's business partner, George Lewis, had pulled out of the ventures in 1876. George was the person who had started the brick making business and was presumably better informed as to the future health of the business when he pulled out. Henry must have injected capital into the business at the start to enable George to build it up and may have injected more capital when George pulled out. Could the money Henry invested in the businesses have been lent to him by Ann's father or, even worse for her father, did he invest the money directly? If so, failure of the businesses could have resulted in Ann's father becoming bankrupt, Drayton's despair and death as a result, and Ann leaving Henry as she may have felt that Henry was culpable for her brother's death and her father's desperate situation. Further research may throw more light as to what actually happened. Interestingly no bankruptcy of Henry's businesses has been found so it is possible that creditors were paid out from other sources (Ann's father?) without the need for bankruptcy proceedings to be followed.
With Ann's departure, the family was split up and by 1881 the situation was as follows. Edith, the youngest, who was only three years old and too young to go to school, was lodged with a Mr and Mrs Smytheman who lived in Rugeley near to Oaklands, where Ann's family had lived, and who were presumably friendly with and known to both Anne and her father. Will, aged 5 and the next youngest, stayed with his father in Dudley where he was brought up by a Mrs Jones until he was old enough to go to boarding school. The three eldest daughters, Nellie, Florence, and Ethel were sent to a small boarding school with about 25 pupils run by a Hannah White at 95 Ashted Road, Duddeston, Aston, Birmingham. The separation of the family must have been very sad and stressful for the children. Florence, one of the daughters said, in later life, that, unlike other children at boarding school, they hated end of term as they had no home to go to. This unhappy state of affairs was to last for a few years, only to be replaced by an even worse situation.
It is not clear what Ann did after she separated from Henry. She has not been traced in the 1881 census. Indeed no other record of Ann has been found from when she left her family around 1880 until June 1883, when it became known that Ann, still married and then 36, had formed a liaison with a 19 year old young man called William Clarke. William Clarke worked as a brewer's timekeeper for one of the local Burton breweries and had lived with his grandmother in Guild Street, Burton on Trent, since his mother died in 1880. Henry's parents lived less than 200 yards away in Horninglow Street (roughly adjacent to the site of the current Bass Brewery Museum). The significance of this coincidence, if any, has so far eluded discovery. It is certainly possible that William was known to Henry's family or even Henry himself.
The revelation that Ann Trease, a wife with 5 young children, had formed a relationship with a much younger man would possibly raise eyebrows in the relatively open minded society of today. In Victorian times, and in the circles in which Ann and Henry's family moved, one can only begin to imagine the disgust and contempt in which Ann and William's behaviour would have been viewed. Wills were changed. On 2nd July 1883, Ann's uncle John Middleton Salisbury, struck Ann out of his will and on 11th July 1883, William Clarke's grandmother drew up a new will in which he inherited nothing.
William and Ann are thought to have stayed in Burton on Trent for a while. On 8th September 1883, William's grandmother died. Her will, which left nothing to William, was proved on the 13th October and was probably a great disappointment to them. Six days later, on 19th October 1883, Ann was granted letters of administration in respect of her father's estate to the value of £5. As her father had died 18 months before, it was probably a last minute attempt to salvage what money she could from what was left of her father's estate.
Ann elopes to Australia
The failure to gain any inheritance probably meant that they had to remain in England for longer than planned in order to save more money. There are no clues where they stayed during the final six months in England before the spring of 1884 when they embarked on the SS Orient in the port of London and headed for Australia. It must have been a dreadful decision to take; Ann was never to see her children again nor the children their mother. They travelled as husband and wife. William honestly stated his age to be 20 but Ann, travelling as Evelyn Ann Clarke, claimed to be 26 years old (thereby taking 10 years off her actual age). It could well be that William Clarke did not know Ann's true age.
Their journey must have been quite an experience and an exciting start to their new life together. The SS Orient was one of the finest passenger ships of her day and introduced new standards of comfort for immigrants and passengers bound for Australia. It had refrigeration and electric lighting and featured an upper promenade deck covered by a canvas awning protecting the passengers from rain and the hot tropical sun, giving William and Ann plenty of opportunities for pleasant walks. It took them six weeks to reach Australia going via Gibraltar, Port Said, through the Suez canal, across the Indian Ocean to Colombo and then stopping at Albany and Adelaide before reaching Melbourne in May 1884.
We have only a few glimpses of their life in Australia. The first occurs five years later in Melbourne, when in 1889 at the age of 42, Ann gave birth to a son, Henry Barton Clarke. The next is after Henry Trease's death in 1897 when Ann became free to marry again. On June 29th 1899, Ann and William married at 234 Johnston Street, Fitzroy, Bourke, Melbourne.
Ann's cousin, Eleanor Hardy nee Salisbury (about whom, more later), almost certainly corresponded with Ann but when Eleanor died in 1910, Ann's regular flow of information from the UK ceased. When Ann's husband died in 1914, and her son Henry Barton entered a childless (for him) marriage with a widower in 1916, she may have begun to feel isolated and would be comforted to know about her UK family. It was an unhappy situation. Ann could never directly communicate with her children because of their hostile attitude to her. They never forgave their mother for leaving them and in later life would never talk about this distressing event in their early life. Her daughter Florence's son Ivan said "The sisters never mentioned their mother. I did not know of her at all until around '57 when Nelly let the cat out the bag! I was told then that she went to Melbourne and married a man named Clarke. When I subsequently mentioned this to my mother, she was cross that Nelly had mentioned it at all and did not wish to hear mention of that woman again."
Some time after Eleanor Hardy's death, Ann made contact with her son William's wife, Cordelia Trease nee Halder. How and when this occurred is not known but they appear to have exchanged letters and Ann certainly sent a photograph. Evelyn Ann died in Melbourne in 1934, aged 86. Her Australian son who had married a widow, Kathleen Summers/McMahon, had stepchildren but no children of his own and died in 1961.
Henry struggles to bring up a family alone
After Ann's departure, Henry presented himself as a widower looking after a family who had lost their mother when they were young. There had been no divorce so Henry himself was not free to remarry and possibly never knew for sure where his wife had gone. He soldiered on and supported the family as well as he could. They do not seem to have lacked material comforts but they appear to have lacked the warm home life that their mother ought to have provided.
Henry remained working for the Burton Brewery Company who moved their Dudley premises from Castle Street to 17 New Street until 1888 when it appears to have closed down. His last known address in Dudley was Dixon's Green Road.
About 1889, Henry had got a new position as a brewer's manager in Cheltenham where he spent about 5 years and moved house several times. The first address was "Sunnyside", Leighton Road, which is adjacent to the cricket ground in the East Ward of Cheltenham. One can imagine that Henry and his son Will were frequent visitors to the cricket ground which was home ground for the Gloucestershire county cricket team, W.G.Grace's team. His son Will was to become a lifelong supporter of Gloucestershire cricket team.
The second address was 13 Grosvenor Place South which was in the centre of Cheltenham. Henry appears to have lived here for about two years - 1890/91. Nellie and Florence, who were by now quite grown up, took on jobs. Nellie certainly was a music teacher. Florence was also recorded in the 1891 census as a music teacher but her son Ivan said she was not musical so it may be a census error. Henry employed a domestic servant to help with the housework.
The third address was Ivy Lawn which was in the suburb of Alstone to the west of Cheltenham and near to the railway station. There is no record of this house before 1891 which was probably a new property. Surviving photographs show a sizeable property with two servants and Henry who by then described himself as a brewer's manager seemed to be very prosperous. In 1894, Ivy Lawn was occupied by a Mr Sharpe and there is no record of Henry elsewhere in Cheltenham. It seems fairly certain that Henry left Cheltenham about 1893 and at the same time the children, who were by then young adults, went to stay with their Aunt Hardy at Kimberley in Nottinghamshire. It is surmised that Henry lost his job and was in a much reduced financial position and that his wife's cousin Eleanor Hardy volunteered to take care of the family particularly the younger members.
By about 1895 Henry had found work again as a brewery salesman in Derby. He seems to have moved around often as he appears there at 12 Norfolk Street, 162 Brook Street, and finally 75 Northumberland Street where he died on the 24th May 1897. He was only 53. The death certificate indicates that he died "of apoplexy" and that his brother William was present at his death - it is not clear whether any of his children were also present. It is possible that Henry had drifted apart from his children. On their marriage certificates the children describe his occupation in so many different ways - "wine and spirit merchant", "colliery proprietor", "gentleman" that it seems they did not know what he did for a living when he died. The occupation given on his death certificate and presumably supplied by William is commercial traveller which matches records showing him as a brewery traveller.
Henry left no will and no grant of letters of administration is recorded. It appears that he left no estate and possibly had arranged his affairs not to do so in view of possible claims by Ann to whom he was still married.
There are few contemporary observations of Henry Trease. Legend amongst descendants of his son Will was that Henry was irascible and a bit of a martinet/ stern disciplinarian. His daughter Nellie also used to say he liked a tipple. There are some surviving photographs of him. He appears to be of short stocky build and looks fearsome in a stovepipe hat. Two further anecdotes about Henry were related by Eileen Trease, wife of his grandson, Ken Trease :-
- Henry would not allow his daughters to have bedroom windows facing to the front of the house for modesty reasons, so they had to sleep at the back (that story aligns to some extent with the observation handed down that he was a disciplinarian)
- Henry had a gravel drive and insisted that it be raked smooth after the carriage took him to work in the morning. One day he returned home to find this had not been done and got so upset about it he had a heart attack and died (the dying part is now known to be apocryphal but there may be some truth in the rest of the story - and story fits with him being irascible).
"Aunt Hardy" welcomes Henry's children to Kimberley
About the time Henry departed from Cheltenham, the children's Aunt, Eleanor Hardy, stepped in to provide them with the family home they had been lacking since the departure of their mother. Eleanor Hardy, (or "Aunt Hardy" as the children called her) was their mother's first cousin and had married William Hardy, a brewer but there were no surviving children from their marriage. In 1857, her husband, William, and his brother Thomas Hardy had taken over Robinson's, a Kimberley brewery established in 1832, and turned it into a very successful business. To give some idea of their success, when William's brother Thomas died on the 27th June 1897, he left nearly half a million pounds, a tidy sum even today, and an absolute fortune in Victorian times. A company "Hardy's Kimberley Brewery Ltd." was registered in May 1897 to acquire his business which owned 97 public houses. This company remained in existence and by 1980, Hardy's and Hanson's Ltd. were still independent with 200 licensed houses but sadly the business was taken over and Kimberley brewery finally closed in 2006. Thomas had lived in Bulwell Hall, a mansion about 3 or 4 miles from Kimberley.
The home Aunt Hardy provided for Henry's family was called "The Firs" and was at Kimberley, Nottingham. William Hardy had retired from the brewery business some 20 years before his brother, but even so, was still relatively wealthy. He had the Firs built for Eleanor and himself and it appears to have been the height of luxury for the time with features such as ducted warm air central heating, patio lighting, and craft worked stained glass. On the 4th April 1893, William died. Coming less than 4 weeks after the death of her father, John Middleton Salisbury on the 9th March, the Trease children were now the only surviving relatives on her side of the Salisbury family if we discount her cousin Ann Trease in Australia. To help readers understand the situation, further information is available on this link to the Salisbury family.
Although the family home came somewhat late in life for the children who now ranged in age from 15 to 23 years old, the arrangement seems to have been very successful for all concerned. Aunt Hardy got herself a ready made family who seemed to really love her and the children got the warm home life they had missed for much of their childhood. The late Ivan recollected that Ethel "simply loved the place". Florence kept as a treasured possession the last letter Aunt Hardy sent her. Edith, "my Edith", as Aunt Hardy refers to her in correspondence, appears to have stayed with her a lot and Ethel and the others remained in regular contact with her even after they left Kimberley to set up home elsewhere.
Like her father, Aunt Hardy appears to have very strong religious beliefs. Her father left legacies to the Sheffield Scripture Readers Society, the Bible Society, and the Church Missionary Society. Her husband was a benefactor of the Primitive Methodist Church in Kimberley. Nellie Trease in reminiscences of her early life would refer to Bulwell Hall, Thomas Hardy's residence which must have left an impression on her. One imagines that the children were invited to social events by Aunt Hardy's brother in law and would have mixed with and met some of the rich Victorian aristocracy.
When Eleanor Hardy died on the 1st June 1910 she left much of her estate to Henry and Ann's children. The "Salisbury family silver" was bequeathed to Ethel Adams and was still in her possession until she sold it in the 1950s. However Nellie was left nothing in her will for reasons as yet unknown. It could be something innocuous, such as they were not so close as the others, or she felt that Nelly was not in need, but there may be another reason. Recent research has indicated an incident in her husband's past that would probably have led her Aunt Hardy to strongly disapprove of him if it ever came to her notice. Ethel who was very close to her Aunt and Nellie were not on speaking terms for many years. Had Nellie confided in Ethel about the incident and had Ethel indiscreetly disclosed it to her Aunt? This is all very speculative as although we are pretty sure that the incident did involve Nellie's husband we are not 100% sure, let alone whether the sisters Ethel or even Nellie knew of it.
A strange instruction in Eleanor's Will was for her "wedding ring, two keepers, and £300" to go to Annie Elizabeth Rollini of Milan. It seems inconceivable that Aunt Hardy would leave her wedding ring to someone outside the family. A possibility is that she had arranged for a friend in Italy to act as a point of contact with Anne and that she had arranged that when she died this bequest to be sent there for onward transmission to her first cousin Ann Salisbury. She may also have used this point of contact to remain in communication with Ann since her departure in 1883 and thus conceal the contact from her father and others, particularly the Trease children who were with her from 1893, who probably would have been most displeased.
Further support to this theory is given in Ann Salisbury's Australian marriage certificate in which Ann describes her birthplace as Italy. In her marriage certificate, Ann seems to have disguised as much about her origins as she could but obviously would not have wanted to make statements that were inconsistent with information that was readily available. She had to accurately name her father because there would have been mementos around her home that clearly identified him. She could disguise her mother's maiden name as Villiers because there was nothing to clearly identify her. If she periodically received post from Italy that would be consistent with her having been born there. This would also account for two other puzzling things. Who told Ann that Henry had died and she was now free to marry? In Ann's last letter to the wife of Henry's son, Will Trease, she apparently says she is arranging to return a ring to her - could this be Eleanor's ring which Eleanor possibly instructed Ann to hand down to Salisbury descendants of which there were going to be none in Australia?
- Daughter, Eleanor Salisbury, aka Nellie, was born in 1870 in Coventry and became a music teacher. When she was 27, she married a widow, James Oscar Parker (aka Joe) in Ledbury. Joe was a 53 year old US born journalist with daughters, Dot and Young Nell. Dot married Eric Bloodworth and lived in South London. Young Nell married a Von Kugelgen in Russia about 1914 and, after he was killed in the 1917 revolution, married Rudi Ulrich and lived in Salzwedel, south of Hamburg.
Joe and Nellie lived in London before retiring to Kent. In later years, they took paying guests to eke out money. From about 1921, Joe was partly paralysed and used a wheel chair. When Joe died in 1927, Nellie moved to South London and generated an income by various means; she sublet property, became interior design correspondent for "The Lady" and wrote a cookery book. She befriended Cecil Court, a London solicitor, but his practice got into difficulties and he committed suicide by throwing himself out of a hotel window.
Eventually she retired to Hastings to be with her sisters and died there.
- Daughter Florence Emily was born in Coventry in 1871. She was fluent in many European languages and became a finishing governess in Europe teaching painting, music, and, of course, English. Although she worked in many parts of Europe, she disliked the travelling part of her work. Between assignments she stayed with friends, relatives, or in hotels.
In 1914, just after the outbreak of the First World War, at the age of 42, she married Edwin Frederick Payne, a chartered accountant who had two grown up children by a previous marriage. After their marriage they lived in Wandsworth, London. In 1917, aged 45, she had a son. The following year, her husband died of a heart attack. Widowed at 46 and with a one year old baby to look after, she started a postal business as "Madame Therese" selling hand painted silk buttons, brooches, handkerchief sachets, and the like, which she made herself at home.
She met her second husband, William Allen Clement, because she had let a room to his niece, Rosie Hale. They married in 1920 at Christ Church Wandsworth. He ran a moneylending company from an office in London. He gave up his office about 1933 and tried to carry the business on from their home with diminishing success.
Florence and her husband moved to Hastings to be with her sister Ethel about 1947 and they both subsequently died there.
- Daughter Ethel Whitehouse was born in Kings Norton in 1872 and married John Thomas Adams, aka Jack, in Kimberley, Notts in 1897. After they married, they moved to London where Jack became secretary or London agent for a rich Frenchman, and among other things Jack used to buy at London antique auctions on his behalf. Ethel and Jack had one child who died at birth, a great sorrow; never mentioned.
About 1910 they left London for Kent where they led a very active social life and supported the scouts, church, tennis club, and National Farmers Union. They lived very well and worked very hard running a 15 acre farm by themselves. Ethel was very practical, always busy cooking, gardening, making butter and cheese, looking after poultry, and dressmaking. Jack died in Kent in 1939 and Ethel died many years later in Hastings.
- Son William Henry was born in Aston in 1875. Family legend is that 'Will' won a choral scholarship to Kings College Cambridge. In 1906 he married Cordelia Longridge Halder in York. She was 25, the daughter of Charles Halder. Within the family, Will's wife was always known as Frog or Froggie for reasons long lost but certainly not a comment on her looks! To her friends she was 'Corrie'.
When he married, Will was a draper (no doubt introduced to this career by Uncle William) and living in Manchester. With a business colleague called Bush, he ran a collar renewal service but the business failed taking most of Willís money with it. In the early twenties, Will went to London to find work. He bought/leased a property in Clanricarde Gardens in Notting Hill Gate W.2 to sub-let into flats and the family then moved down from Manchester. Will found it difficult to let the rooms because of the depression and eventually he sold the lease/property.
For several years from about 1935 Will ran a hotel/guest house called Palace Court but it was not very profitable. It appears that the guests were treated to sumptuous food well beyond what was commercially expedient. He then bought a large house in Tulse Hill and advertised for a paying guest. Doris, whose German husband had been interned, applied. While Doris went to work, her son was looked after by Frog and Will. Doris and Frog became lifelong friends.
In 1946, Will took penicillin for a leg infection and died, possibly from penicillin poisoning. Will had been a larger than life, fun character, and was sorely missed by all who knew him.
After he died, Frog became a companion/home help mainly to old people. She always looked much younger than her real age. Many of the old people she companioned did not realize she was older than them! Eventually she went into a nursing home in Brighton, where she died.
Will and Frog had four children, two sons who survived infancy, and a son and daughter who died in infancy.
- Son, Percy was born in Aston 1876/7 and died in infancy in Aston in 1878.
- Daughter, Lillian Edith was born in 1877/1878 in Aston and always called "Edith". From about 1893, she lived at Kimberley with Aunt Hardy. After Aunt Hardy died in 1910, she seemed to move into Nottingham and possibly had long visits to her brother and married sisters. She did not need to work and spent time travelling. On these travels she met Frank Sullivan, a US citizen of Los Angeles, and, after a short courtship, they decided to marry. She left the UK in 1921 and set up home in Inglewood, California where two years later she died, probably from appendicitis. Edith and Frank had no children.
Eleanor Salisbury Trease was Henry and Ann's first child and was known in the family as "Nelly". She was born in 1870 when the family lived in the Coventry area.
Little is known of her childhood apart from what has been mentioned earlier. She appears not to have enjoyed painting like her sisters, Florence, and Ethel, but was musically inclined. There is a huge blown up photograph of her as a young lady with a harp. In 1891 when the family lived at Cheltenham she and her sister Florence were music teachers.
Nellie was the beauty of the family when young. Family legend, passed down, was that she was once engaged to Captain Webb, one of the first to swim the Channel. Research shows that this cannot be true as Captain Webb married in 1880 and died in 1883 when Nellie was 13 but experience of family legends is that they normally have some elements of the true facts. It is thought most likely that Nellie was at some time engaged to someone who had been very close to Matthew Webb in the past, perhaps a brother or best friend.
The wife of her nephew, Gordon Trease, lived for a while with Nellie and clearly remembered Nellie mentioning Kimberley, Bulwell Hall and Aunt Oliver when she reminisced about her early life.
Kimberley and Bulwell Hall were the residences of Aunt Hardy and her brother-in-law, as mentioned earlier. The reference to Aunt Oliver is a mystery as she does not appear to be either a Salisbury or a Trease! A possible scenario is that Aunt Oliver was related to Nelly's husband. Nellie gave a ring to her nephew that was inscribed to a Captain Oliver who died in 1807 in the Peninsular War and was made out of the casing of a bullet. Unfortunately the whereabouts of the ring is now unknown. Also a book of Wesley's Hymns inscribed to "Annie Oliver from RR" has survived and may have come from Nellie.
On July 23rd 1898, when she was 27, she married James Oscar Parker at Ledbury Register office by licence. Both the wife of her nephew Gordon Trease and Ivan Payne, the son of her sister Florence, recollected that Nellie's husband was always known as "Joe", possibly because his initials were "J.O." Joe was a widower and at 53 years of age considerably older than Nellie. On the marriage certificate, Joe's occupation is described as "journalist" and his address is given as 236 Monument Road Birmingham. Nellie's address at the time is given as "Sunny Glen", West Malvern. Their marriage was witnessed by Henry and Fanny Morgan. Ivan Payne believed Joe had been at one time a historian and was born in or had lived in America and had vague recollections of a history book written by Joe. Recent research indicates that Joe's life in the USA may have included an incident similar to that of Nellie's mother which would have shocked many of those close to Nellie, had they known about it, particularly her Aunt Hardy, who for reasons unknown, omitted Nellie from her Will.
Joe had two daughters in the UK by an earlier marriage or relationship, Dot, and "young Nell". Dot was to marry Eric Bloodworth, have five children, and live in the Croydon area of South London. "Young Nell" married twice. The first time was to a Von Kugelgen in Russia about 1914 but he was killed in the 1917 revolution. The second time was to Rudi Ulich. She and Rudi had three children and lived in Salzwedel which is south of Hamburg.
The wife of her nephew, "Bill" Trease, recollected that a vase of Nelly's was presented to Joe when he retired from being President of the Institute of Journalists. This would have been about 1910.
The late Ivan Payne said that Nelly was always considered to be the "business brain" of the family. It is not difficult to see why. Assuming Joe retired when he was 65 in 1910, Nelly was to spend another fifty years of her life living off their capital and savings. This must of necessity have forced her to be somewhat ingenious at investing money.
After Joe's retirement, it appears that Joe and Nellie moved to Tankerton in North Kent and then to Caterham and then to Coulsdon. In later years, they used to take paying guests to eke out money. From about 1921 onward, Joe was partly paralysed and used a wheel chair. Joe died in 1927, aged 82.
After Joe's death, Nellie leased two properties at 176 & 182 Gloucester Terrace from a Railway Company to provide herself with an income. She sublet the properties and employed a resident caretaker in each to look after them. She also became friendly with a solicitor called Cecil Court and they shared the same address for a while. Her nephew, "Bill" Trease, son of her brother Will, worked for Cecil Court when his family first moved down to London from Manchester. Nellie and Cecil's friendship had a dramatic end when, on the 18th August 1932, Cecil committed suicide by throwing himself out of a window of the Great Central Hotel in Marylebone Road and impaling himself on the railings below. This must have been a frightful event for Nellie particularly as she told her nephew Gordon and his wife that she had to identify the body.
After Cecil's death, Nellie firstly moved to Shirley in South London to be near her step daughter "Dot" Bloodworth and her family and subsequently to Telford Avenue in Streatham. Ivan Payne clearly remembered building a lily pond for her, when he was about 15, and shortly after she moved to Telford Avenue. She took great delight in gardening and her garden in Telford Avenue was submitted to a National competition and won a prize. There is a photo of Nellie taken in her prize winning garden about 1935. She was a keen grower of antirrhinums.
Nellie was also an excellent cook and her nephew "Bill" Trease and his wife recollected how they used to enjoy going round to her house and having a curry or something similar. She wrote a cookery book "How to live on 7 shillings and six pence a week". During the World War II, "Bill Trease's" wife Mabel stayed with Nellie in Streatham and says that Nellie used to write regular articles on how to cook interesting meals on wartime rations.
Nellie was also very keen on interior decor and was in the forefront of promoting the harmonising of colours for interior design. She had rooms in her house completed in matching mauve and silver and became the interior decor correspondent for the magazine "The Lady" for some years.
For many years and for reasons not clearly understood, Nellie and her sister Ethel were not on speaking terms. Nelly was very reluctant to move down to the Hastings area where Ethel lived even though her sister Florence had moved there about 1947.
Ivan Payne related "My mother (Florence) was very fond of ..both her sisters.. and finally persuaded them to meet around 1952 to her great joy. Thereafter they were close." Nellie moved to the Hastings area sometime in the early fifties. Her first house was at Battle at "Little Canada". This was one of a number of timber framed houses lacking main facilities which had been built in the First World War to house Canadian troops. Subsequently she moved to live in Hastings proper at 75 Elphinstone Road.
In 1958 Nellie suffered a minor stroke and it was agreed that Ethel would sell her bungalow and move in with Nellie to look after her. This arrangement did not last long. After a few months Ethel arranged to put Nellie in a nursing home where she died on the 18th February 1959.
Introduction and caveat
This history of Joe's early life is derived from research. If correct, it uncovers a scandal that was not known to surviving members of this side of the family, when interviewed in the 1990s. It seems unlikely that Joe would have hidden it from Nellie although she may not have been fully aware of all the facts when she first married Joe. It is remotely possibly that it relates to a different James Oscar Parker, in which case humble apologies are in order. The key facts we have of Joe from the certificate of his marriage to Nellie are that he was a citizen of the USA, 53 years old (therefore born between 24Jul1854 and 23Jul1855, and that his father "James Madison Parker", had been a merchant and had died before Joe's marriage to Nellie. We also know that Joe was a journalist and author and was sufficiently accomplished and respected to become President of the Institute of Journalists implying an impressive person of high intellect. All these facts are a perfect match with the James Oscar Parker described below.
James Oscar Parker was born in Boston on the 24th May 1845, the son of James Madison Parker and Mary Ann Marden who had married on the 14th November of the previous year in Boston. His father James Madison Parker was 25 and had been born in Hinsdale, New Hampshire on 11th July 1820 the son of James and Miranda Parker.
By 1850 his parents had moved to Charlestown in Suffolk, Massachusetts where his brother Alfred Augustine Parker was born in February 1854. By 1860 his parent's household included one Miranda Cooper, who had been born in New Hampshire 3 years after his father, and is thought to be his father's widowed sister. By then his father appears to have been dealing in Agricultural equipment. Sometime between 1860 and 1867 his mother died and his father remarried to a spinster Emma Adelia Dow who was about 10 years his younger.
In 1862, when he was 17, Joe was enrolled at Harvard University where he graduated in 1866. In his final year, he was appointed an assistant marshall of the, then just formed, Pi Eta Society. After graduating he went to Williamsport Pennsylvania and entered into the banking business. During the winter of 1867-1868 he studied Law at Albany Law School and obtained the degree of LLB. He then returned to Williamsport and entered into partnership with J.W.Maynard & Co.
On June 17th 1868 he was married to Miss Clara, daughter of J.W.Maynard of Williamsport. His father-in-law, Judge Maynard, was a very distinguished lawyer. He had been nominated for Congress by his Democratic friends from Lycoming County, but declined to run. He had decades of legal experience, during which time he was called upon to conduct many of the most important cases in Pennsylvania and New York. His second wife being Alvira, daughter of Elijah De Pui by whom he had four sons and three daughters, of whom three sons and one daughter, Clara, survived. The second Mrs. Maynard died April 1, 1881, and in November 1883, he married Cordelia Bellows, who survived him. Judge Maynard died at his summer home, Minnequa Springs, Bradford County, PA., May 8, 1885.
Joe's wife, Clara Maynard, had been born on the 25th February 1850, so was just over 18 when they married. Their one and only surviving child a son, James Alfred Parker, was born on the 30th May 1869, not quite a year after their marriage. James junior was to follow in his father's footsteps, graduate from Harvard, and become a lawyer with the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York.
In the 1870 census, Joe is shown with his wife and son living in the household of Judge Maynard in Williamsport. The following year Joe is shown as a partner in the legal practice of "Maynard, Eutermarks and Parker" so by the age of 25 Joe seems to have established himself very well. By 1883 Joe is no longer working with his father in law, who possibly has by then retired, but is a prominent member of the law firm of Parker Bentley of Williamsport.
Now 38, middle aged, and apparently a successful lawyer he throws away all the career and reputation he has built up, as is described in the two newspaper reports below : -
FLIGHT OF A LAWYER.
ELOPING WITH A YOUNG GIRL AND TAKING MANY THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS WITH HIM.
The New York Times August 12, 1883, Wednesday
"PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 11. - A special dispatch to the Times says there has been for several days great excitement in Williamsport, Penn., caused by the flight of James O. Parker, senior member of the law firm of Parker Bentley, after embezzling a large sum of money collected by the firm. As soon as Mr Bentley became aware of the disappearance of his partner, the suspicion at once flashed upon his mind that all was not right and he started for New York on Monday night , Aug 6, to see if he could get any trace of him. This morning Mr Bentley returned from his search. He states that Parker left Williamsport on Monday night July 3 and proceeded to New York where he arrived on Tuesday morning and registered in his own name at the Hoffman House. There he remained until the following Saturday morning, when he paid his bill and left the hotel. From that time forth no further trace of him could be discovered. In the meantime Mr Bentley learned that Parker had called on a firm of brokers doing business in Pine Street on Friday, and informed them that he held a draft on New York and might want to be identified. He said he contemplated buying and while the draft was good he feared that it would not be accepted as a legal tender, and he would have to get the currency. Therefore he asked the brokers to identify him for that purpose. On July 31 about noon he called on the brokers, was identified, and drew the money at the Chemical National Bank. The draft was drawn by the Williamsport Bank for $6,270, and was made payable to the order of J. O. Parker. This money he had received from C. Larue Munson, of Williamsport, it being paid to him for certain lots in this city bought of the estate of R. W. Shenk of Lancaster for which the firm were acting as attorneys. Mr Bentley is so overwhelmed with the disaster which has overtaken him that he is unable to say at this time what the exact amount of Parker's embezzlement is, but he fears it will run up to $30,000, as new things are constantly being developed. When Parker absconded it is though he had about $1,000 in his pocket, which with the draft collected in New York, would make $7,270. That can be traced but as it is now evident that his peculations had been going on for some time it is though that he might have got together over $20,000 which he carried away with him. One of the worst features about it is that he induced a young girl of this city, the daughter of highly respectable parents to elope with him. She is scarcely out of her teens. The supposition is that they sailed for Europe together. Parker married in 1869 a highly accomplished lady of this city, whom with a son of about 12 years of age he abandoned. "
16th August 1883
James O Parker of the firm Parker and Bentley, attorneys of Williamsport, has fled from home after embezzling large sums of money, leaving his family. He is supposed to be in Europe. He was a prominent businessman and was regarded as the very soul of honor. His conduct is a severe shock to his friends.
Flight to Europe
Joe would almost certainly have sailed to the UK or Ireland as he would encounter no language difficulties in either of these countries but we have no definite information about him until the UK 1891 census when he appears in Dulwich, London, with two baby daughters aged 3 and 1 but no wife. The place of birth of Eleanor, the eldest daughter, is given as Manchester and the place of birth of Dorothy, the youngest daughter is given as Putney. The latter child could be the Dorothy Parker whose birth is registered in Wandsworth in the 4th quarter of 1889 but so far the birth certificate has not been retrieved to establish whether that is the case.
After he left USA, he is sometimes referred to as the divorced husband of Clara Maynard Parker so maybe he eventually did a deal with those he had let down.
RETURN to LIFE STORY of daughter ELEANOR
Ethel Whitehouse Trease was born on December 4th 1872. As with most of Henry's children, little is known of her childhood. Like her sister, Edith, she went to live with Aunt Hardy at Kimberley about 1893. Ethel and Edith were the main beneficiaries of Aunt Hardy's will and seem to have been closest to Aunt Hardy. Ethel was looked up to by the rest of the family but there was a rift between her and Nellie.
She used to paint in water colours, a skill she must have exercised while at Kimberley, and which she continued until she was about 50, Her house in Hastings contained many of her paintings.
Marriage to Jack Adams
In 1897 Ethel married John Thomas Adams at Basford. Her husband was always referred to as Jack in the family. Ethel's nephew Ivan Payne said that Jack had been brought up in the Norfolk countryside and was of tall striking appearance. He was by all accounts a splendid fellow liked equally by men and women.
After they married they moved to London and were living in London at 86 Milton Park, Highgate in 1902 and 1903. By 1905 they had moved to 16 Park Place Villas, Maida Vale, where they lived until 1909. Jack was secretary or London agent for a rich Frenchman, M. Daniel de la Chaussee, who lived at 51 Brompton Square from 1905 until 1912 and among other things Jack used to buy at London antique auctions on his behalf. In a postcard dated 18th August 1912 Ethel makes reference to Jack's employer "Mr C. has given up Brompton Sq. and taken a flat - the last link of the old London days broken".
Ethel and Jack had one child who died at birth, a great sorrow; never mentioned.
By 1910 they left London and went to live in Kent. Initially they lived at "The Bungalow", Biddenden, near Cranbrook. In a letter written on 14th May 1910, Aunt Hardy makes reference to Jack and Ethel's move to the coutryside. After Aunt Hardy's death, possibly as a result of the legacy Ethel received, she and Jack had a house, Oaklands, built in farmland at Headcorn in Kent, and they were living there by the summer of 1912. "Oaklands" was also the name of the house where Ethel's grandfather William Salisbury had lived in Rugeley and the name may have been chosen as a token of thanks to the Salisbury family with whose money the building of the house had been funded.
Her sister Florence's son, Ivan , who spent many happy childhood days with Uncle Jack and Aunt Ethel in Kent recollected that they led a very active social life and supported the scouts, church, tennis club, and National Farmers Union. They lived very well and worked very hard running a 15 acre farm by themselves. Ethel was very practical, always busy cooking, gardening, making butter and cheese, looking after poultry, and dressmaking. he related "Once they collected a couple of hundred mole skins, which she made up into a fur coat! Jack used to get up early in the morning and you would hear him for many minutes pumping up the water. Jack ran an impressive car - an Albert, which he had for most of their Benenden years, an open 4 seater with a bonnet like a Rolls and a separate windscreen for the rear seats. Most impressive! I think he was dead scared of it! Jack and his nephew, Will's son Ken, also got on very well. They both enjoyed fishing, shooting and other country things."
Ethel's aunt, Mary Trease, lived at 2 New Road, Headcorn and died there on November 2nd 1913. Mary had, like her younger sister Ann Trease, never married and both had been schoolteachers. Mary and Ann had inherited their parent's house in Horninglow St. and were still living there in 1900. It is possible that they both moved to Headcorn and Ethel moved there to be close to them. There almost certainly is some connection. Anne Trease drafted her will on 28th November 1914, after Mary's death, and was then living with her niece, Mary Esther Lavell (daughter of Henry's brother William Trease), at 16 Malvern Road, Acocks Green, Birmingham where she died in 1927. Her will was witnessed by Jack Adams and Jamie Topliss both of The Oaklands, Headcorn, Kent.
By the early twenties, Ethel and Jack were well established in Sandhurst nearby Headcorn and about 1925 they moved to Benenden. They led a very active social life and supported the scouts, church, tennis club, and National Farmers Union.
They lived very well and worked very hard running a 15 acre farm by themselves. Ethel was very practical, always busy cooking, gardening, making butter and cheese, looking after poultry, and dressmaking. Ivan Payne remembers "that once they collected a couple of hundred mole skins, which she made up into a fur coat!"
Ivan spent many happy childhood days with his uncle Jack and aunt Ethel in Kent. Jack was by all accounts a splendid fellow liked equally by men and women. Ivan remembers life in the country with them. Jack used to get up early in the morning and you would hear him for many minutes pumping up the water. Ivan also remembers his two "nannies" from this period, Auntie Annie, and Nannie Tessier. Auntie Annie who was Henry Trease's sister, as mentioned above, was very deaf and Ivan had to speak to her through a huge ear trumpet. He was very frightened of her because of this. His other nannie, Miss Tessier, was "much more fun". She had two sisters in Eastbourne, was always good with children and a lovely person. It is possible that Miss Tessier may have been related to Tessiers the jewellers. There certainly seems to be some link between Jack and the antique trade and possibly with Aunt Hardy. It is believed that Jack may have worked for Maples at some time - Florence had shares in Maples possibly inherited from Aunt Hardy.
My father can clearly remember Jack. He was of tall striking appearance and had an impressive car. Uncle Ivan also recollects Jack's car "an Albert, which they had most of the Benenden years, an open 4 seater with a bonnet like a Rolls and a separate windscreen for the rear seats. Most impressive! I think he was dead scared of it!"
Jack and his nephew, Will's son Ken, also got on very well. They both enjoyed fishing, shooting and other country things.
They move to Hastings
About 1933, Jack's heart started to play up, and they retired to Downs Road Hastings.
Jack died on the 18th September 1939 and, at the time, his address was given as Hope Cottage, Talbot Road, Hawkhurst, Kent. It is believed he was buried there.
Ethel died on 19th May 1961 and was the last of Henry and Ann's children to die.
The son of her nephew Gordon (aka Bill) remembered staying with her when he was very young and said she was very nice to him and he liked her a lot. He also remembered visiting her with his parents when he was older. He said he used to get very bored at all the talking and would rock on a small rocking chair of hers. He remembered that she became hard of hearing as she got older. He said his mother did not like Ethel and found her "straight laced", but his mother had lived with Nellie in London for a time and may have been influenced by Nellie. The rift between sisters Nellie and Ethel was such that they never spoke to each other for years.
Ivan Payne, the son of Ethel's sister Florence, commented that Ethel was "looked up to by the rest of the family, less free and easy than their brother Will, but all enjoyed good food, wine, entertainment. Remember that Florence and Nelly had to be economical, the one widowed at 47 with little cash and a baby to bring up, the other with a non-productive husband in a wheel chair from the same age, and even less cash!" The reader can make his/her own judgement by reading transcripts of postcards which they sent to each other in the Data section.
RETURN to START of LIFE STORY of daughter ETHEL
Lillian Edith Ann Trease was always referred to by her second name "Edith". Her birth was registered in the first quarter of 1878 in Aston and it is possible that she may have been born in late 1877. She was the last child born to Henry and Ann.
It is not known for sure when Henry and Ann separated but in the 1881 census taken on the 3rd April 1881, when Edith was only 3 years old, she was recorded staying separately from the rest of her family with the Smytheman family at Etchinghill, Rugeley, as a "boarder", not a visitor. This almost certainly indicates that Henry and Ann were already living apart. The Smythemans may have been known to the family as they lived close to "The Oaklands" where Edith's grandfather William Bartholomew Salisbury lived. Her grandfather, who had been adjudged bankrupt a year earlier was by then living with his brother Samuel in Birmingham.
By 1891 she is reunited with her family, father, brother, and sisters at Cheltenham, and at school.
Most other information on her early life is from newspaper references and a few surviving photos and postcards. She is thought to have moved to live with her "Aunt Hardy" at Kimberley probably from about 1892. At the time of the 1901 census she was the only one of the children left living with her Aunt and appears to have stayed there until her aunt died in 1910. She is featured in the local community attending various events. A postcard she sent to her sister Florence in 1906 was postmarked Kimberley. Aunt Hardy, in her last letter to Florence, says she is looking forward to the "return of her Edith", presumably from a holiday. When Aunt Hardy died, Edith inherited a substantial sum of money and moved to Nottingham but it is thought she may also have had stayed with friends, her brother and her sisters on occasional long visits. As a consequence of her inheritance, Edith did not appear to need to work for a living and spent some time travelling, sometimes with her brother and sisters. There are photos of Edith and Florence in the Alps taken about 1912 and there are a few of her, Will and Corrie probably taken in a amusement arcade.
After the first World War, Edith went on holiday to America and, while there, she met with a Californian called Francis "Frank" Joseph Sullivan. After a short courtship, they decided to get married and live in the USA. We have very little information about Frank. He was born in Chicago on 5th September 1876 so was about 1 year older than Edith. His father, Michael J Sullivan had been born in New York, so Frank must have been at least a 3rd generation immigrant to USA. In the 1920 census Frank describes himself as Single, a Salesman in the Ink Industry, working on his own account, and is living in Santa Monica, Los Angeles State, CA.
Edith's nephew, Gordon (aka Bill) remembered going to Liverpool when he was young to see Edith off to the USA. He thought it must have been about 1922. The name of the ship - "Minnesota" stuck in his mind. Her nephew's memory was good - the ship was actually called the Minnedosa and it arrived in Montreal on the 1st June 1921. The reason Edith went to Montreal is that she was planning to visit a distant cousin in Calgary, Alberta en route. Edith subsequently travelled on to Victoria, British Columbia and thence to Seattle where she arrived on the 4th November 1921 and possibly would have arrived at Los Angeles a few weeks later provided she did not do any more diversionary visits en route.
Her nephew, the late Ivan Payne, recollected "My only memory of Edith is when she stayed with us while preparing to go to America. I remember the carter's horses when we went to the depot to arrange for her luggage to be picked up. She wrote to Florence often from Los Angeles, and sent me a huge doll! One letter said there were orange trees in her garden, and bears came in to eat them." A postcard was sent by Edith (and Frank) from Inglewood on October 19 1922 saying how busy they were. They must have sent Christmas cards that year but none appear to have survived.
Frank and Edith set up home in Inglewood, California, now a suburb of the sprawling Los Angeles conurbation, but then much more rural. From her correspondence, she seems to have been very happy in her strange new surroundings but unfortunately her time there lasted only a little over a year. On 1 March 1923, Edith died. The story in the family is that she died of appendicitis and that her death came very shortly after her marriage. Apparently Edith owned a number of houses in Nottingham and there was some confusion/dispute over her estate. The solicitor involved was that used by Aunt Hardy, namely Frederick Cattle of Nottingham.
Frank Sullivan came over to England to try to resolve the problem with Edith's estate. It may be that her Will which was probably in favour of her brothers and sisters had not been modified to reflect her marriage or possibly she had not left a Will. No Will is referenced in the UK Grant of Administration of her estate. On his passport application Frank said he intended to leave the USA on June 30th 1923, so he probably arrived late July/ early August.
Frank stayed with Edith's sister Florence and asked her husband to be administrator of Edith's estate to which he agreed. When this last fact was drawn to the attention of Florence's son Ivan Payne (during research for this family history) he was incredulous that his step father would work on behalf of Frank Sullivan (presumably as Frank was persona non grata to Florence). It appears that legally Frank was entitled to and got all of Edith's possessions. Ivan Payne recollects that "the whole thing seemed to leave a bad taste in everyone's mouth."
The wife of Edith's nephew Gordon (aka Bill) Trease said that Frank showed a lot of interest in Nellie, while he was over here, but nothing ever came of it (particularly as her husband, although in poor health, was still alive). There may be more to this story than meets the eye. In the few short months he was over here, Frank courted another lady of similar age to Edith called Annie English whom he married in Whitstable on the 20th October 1923. On January 8th 1924, Frank and Annie left London, England bound for San Pedro, Los Angeles where they arrived on February 11th 1924. Both Frank and Annie give their last address in the UK as the Tankerton Hotel, Tankerton, Kent and Tankerton was where Nellie and her husband lived. Bill's wife also said that Nellie had told her that Frank was partially blind and Edith had married him because she felt sorry for him - but was this Nellie's assessment or had Edith written to his effect to Nellie? Unfortunately we are unlikely to ever know more. Frank's second marriage was not mentioned by any of the family, who helped provide information for this family history, and was presumably unknown to them. Had Edith's brother and sisters known about it they would probably have felt even worse about Frank.
Frank's second wife, Annie, was, like Edith, a middle aged spinster, and past child bearing age. We do not know much about her but it seems unlikely that she lived off her own means without the need for work. As she and Frank were moving from middle age, they probably both sought companionship and Annie may also have wanted security, so the marriage, although almost certainly instigated by Frank, probably suited them both equally. The marriage lasted Frank out. Around 1924 he describes himself as "retired", presumably on the basis of his inheritance from Edith, but by the time of the 1930 US census he describes himself as a "real estate broker" living with Annie, who then has no occupation. Some time between 1930 and 1940 Frank Sullivan died. In 1940 US census, Annie Sullivan, then widowed, has taken on a lodger. Annie outlived Frank by about 20 years and died in Los Angeles in April 1956.
A few photos of Edith's trip to and stay in America survive. Her nephew, Gordon ("Bill") said there was definitely a photo of her from California eating corn-on-the-cob, but so far it hasn't surfaced. Unfortunately, there are no contemporary observations of her. So far!
RETURN to START of LIFE STORY of daughter EDITH
To understand the interplay of the Salisbury family in the life of Henry and Ann Trease's children, you need to be aware of the tree below. You will observe that only grandchildren of Thomas Salisbury of Sheffield were from his daughter Eleanor's marriage to her cousin William Bartholomew Salisbury who also was the son of her father's brother.William SALISBURY of Ashby de la Zouch ____________________________________________________________________|__________________________________________ | | | | | | William Ann Thomas of Sheffield Samuel of Rugeley John Mary d1860 | _______________________________| _____________________|_______________________________________________ | | | | | | | John Middleton Mary Ann Eleanor = William Bartholomew Samuel = ? Elizabeth = Henry Margaret c1809 c1810 m1845 | b1804/5 c1810 | SIMPSON c1806 | PEMBLE c1807 d1892 d1871 d1865 | | | d. unmarried | _______|_______ _______|_______ | | | | | | | Eleanor = William Ann = Henry Drayton Mary = James William = ? Children c1834 | HARDY b1847| TREASE b1850 | HOWLETT | d1910 | m1862 d1934| m1870 d1881 | | | d1892 | | | No children TREASE children Children Children
Samuel SALISBURY of Rugeley
Samuel was born on 26th January 1782 in Ashby de la Zouch. About seven years earlier, on the 27th November 1774, his father, William Salisbury, who was a clockmaker, and his mother, Ann Drayton, had married in Ashby de la Zouch. Samuel was their fourth child and joined three older brothers, William, John and Thomas. Three years later, their first daughter, Ann, was born. A further 11 years were to elapse before the birth of Mary, their last child. William and Ann probably had other children who did not survive infancy as it was commonplace for babies to be stillborn or die before reaching the age of five. William and Ann's family was typical of that period - it was large and included children born quite late in their parents' lives. With the exception of John, who died young, all the children were to marry.
Samuel was the first of his brothers and sisters to marry. He was 22 when, on the 12th February 1804, he married Elizabeth Gregory at St Pancras in London. They spent the first year or so of their married life in London where their first child, William Bartholomew Salisbury, was born. Shortly afterwards, they moved to Rugeley where they settled down to spend the rest of their married life. Their arrival in Rugeley in 1805/6 appears to mark the start of the Rugeley Salisbury family. As there seems to be no previous Salisbury connection, it is possible that Elizabeth's family had connections with Rugeley.
After they settled in Rugeley, Elizabeth gave birth to three more children who survived infancy: -
- Elizabeth christened on the 30th June 1806
- Margaret christened on the 30th September 1807
- Samuel christened on 17th March 1810
Four other births are recorded but it is probable that these children died young : -
- Ann christened on the 15th November 1808. An Ann Salisbury was recorded as a teacher at Provident Chapel - this may have been her and indicate she survived childhood
- John christened on the 23rd December 1811
- Joseph christened on the 14th August 1815
- Thomas christened on the 6th March 1818
Samuel set up in business on his account and by 1818 was carrying on the businesses of a saddler and maltster from premises in Bridge End, Rugeley. He took an active interest in the Provident Chapel in Elmore Lane Rugeley where he was appointed Deacon. His children were all scholars of the Church school and continued their involvement with the Church and School thereafter - William became a Sunday school superintendent and deacon; Elizabeth married a minister of the church; Margaret (and probably her sister Ann) became teachers there; Samuel became a superintendent and deacon. Prior to 1832, the school appears to have been held in the Chapel. In 1832 subscribers, including Samuel who contributed £10, raised money for the purchase of land for separate school buildings. A history of the Chapel records that "Christmas treats for the scholars were held in Samuel's malt house in Bees Lane, when the place was decorated with flags and evergreens and the children were regaled with roast beef and plum pudding".
By 1829 Samuel and Elizabeth were living in Albion Street, where they stayed until they died. Samuel died in September 1853. It is not yet known when Elizabeth died.
Samuel's daughter, Margaret, died unmarried. The other children got married and had families.
William Bartholomew SALISBURY
William was born in St Pancras, London, on the the 6th February 1805. He spent only the first few months of his life in London, and undoubtedly would have regarded himself as a Rugeley man.
He went to school at Providence Chapel in Elmore Lane and subsequently was to take a deep and active interest in the Primitive Methodist Church and associated school. On the back of a church bill for provisions for the Sunday School Xmas treat dated Feb 4th 1833 are some notes in his handwriting. From 1840 to 1875 he served as a Sunday school superintendent. In 1851 he became member of a committee of 5 appointed to manage the temporal affairs of the Chapel. In 1854, following his father's death, he was appointed Deacon in place of his father. On Whit Monday 1874 he laid one of the memorial stones for the new chapel.
He became a saddler and by 1834, when he was 29, was trading from premises in Market Street, Rugeley. Subsequently he took over his father's business as maltster and by 1850 was registered as trading as a saddler and maltster from premises in Lower Brook Street, Rugeley. The change of address may not indicate that he physically moved premises as sometime after 1834, Market Street was renamed as Upper and Lower Brook Street. By 1850, his home address was Stone House Farm, Rugeley.
It was not until 1845, when he was then 40, that he married. His wife, Eleanor Salisbury, was the daughter of his uncle, Thomas of Sheffield, and the marriage took place in Sheffield. William and Eleanor must have known each other from early childhood.
Although it seems strange these days for first cousins to marry, it appears to have been a fairly common arrangement in the nineteenth century. The known problem with intermarriage is that it can cause unnatural predominance of some genes. One wonders whether this may in some way have contributed to the tragedies that blighted the lives of both their children. They appear to have named the children after their mutual grandmother, Ann Drayton. The first child, Ann, was born on 11 September 1847. The second, Drayton, was born three years later. Both children, like their father before them, attended the Primitive Methodist Church and were educated at the associated school. Like their parents and probably with encouragement from them they took an active interest in the church.
In November 1859, Eleanor's father Thomas died. It appears that shortly after that, Eleanor's umarried sister, Mary Ann, came to Rugeley to be near her sister. Certainly she was in Rugeley in March 1860 when she drew up her will following her father's death. Like the rest of the family Mary Ann was supportive of the Primitive Methodist church and at one time arranged a generous legacy for them.
On October 17th 1865, when he was 60, William attended the first meeting of the Rugeley Board which was an early form of Urban District Council. At that meeting he was elected chairman, a role similar to that of a mayor today and in which he was to be active for the next 15 years. Shortly after, on the 6th December 1865, his wife Eleanor died.
Four years later, William is no longer recorded as carrying on his business as a saddler and malster. It is surmised that he may have sold the business and retired. Certainly from about 1869 he lived at a house called The Oaklands which was near Stone House farm where he formerly lived. He also arranged for his late wife's sister, Mary Ann to stay there with him but it is also possible that she had been part of William's household from before then. You would have thought that son Drayton would have continued his father's business. At 18 he would certainly have been old enough. However, at a date unknown he left home to become a glassblower at Wordsley, then centre of the UK glass industry. Travellers on the main Stourbridge to Wolverhampton road were met at Wordsley by a view dominated by the glass-house cones, towering to almost 100 feet, of three adjoining glassworks alongside the canal - the White House, the Red House, and the Wordsley Flint glassworks (also known as "the London House").
On the 4th January 1870, one year after William retired, his daughter Ann, who was then 22, married Henry Trease, 25, at Providence Chapel, Rugeley and left home to live in Coventry. Six months later on the 27th June, Mary Ann died.
With the departure of his children and the death of his wife's sister, William's role as chairman of the Rugeley Board would have become a major interest in an active retirement. The Board met monthly, normally in the morning "when the brain was fresh". Its chief duties were to approve the action of various committees such as the Finance, Market Fair Tolls, Public Buildings, Lighting, Fire Engine, Highway, Farm, and Nuisance Removal committees.
Over the next few years, William became grandfather to Ann's 6 children, only one of whom died in infancy. One imagines that he would have delighted in her visits to Rugeley when he would have had sight of his grandchildren.
During that period, the Rugeley Board was instrumental in the construction of a new Town Hall and, as Chairman, William played a significant role in this. On June 26th 1878, he laid down one of the foundation stones, the other being laid by the Earl of Lichfield who had given the site to the town. A year later on June 28th 1879, the Hall was opened by the Earl of Shrewsbury in a major civic event - the church bells pealed merrily, a lunch was held with 130 guests, and 23 speeches were made. William would have featured in the celebrations and possibly have made one of the speeches. One imagines that Ann and Drayton would have been invited to both events to see their father. The Town Hall was a grand building.
The foundation stone that William laid was at the side of the building. On a visit to Rugeley in 2002, it was discovered that the Town Hall had been redeveloped - only the facade remained. However, the local history society had the foresight to photograph the foundation stone in position at the side of the hall and rescue it. It then graced the garden of one of their members. The photograph showed the foundation stone in position shortly before the building was demolished. The building was sadly neglected by then.
On 25th March 1880, William, who was then 75, resigned his post as chairman of the Rugeley board and went to live with his younger brother, Samuel, in Sparkbrook, Birmingham where he was to spend the last two years of his life. Far from having a happy end to his life, these last two years were overshadowed by sad events involving both of his children and himself.
On 18th June 1880, Drayton died in Wordsley at the early age of 29 from an overdose of heroin. About two months later, on the 12th August 1880, William was adjudged bankrupt, and around the time of these events, daughter Anne and Henry's marriage broke up. It took William nine months to bring himself to apply for the administration of his son's estate. It must have been heartbreaking for William to lose his only son at his prime of life. One is left with the suspicion that these devastating events were in some way connected but there is so far no information to link them. Daryton's self administered overdose of heroin was adjudged to be an accident but one is left wondering .. maybe the coroner's inquest report will throw further light, when found.
William died in Birmingham on the 4th May 1882.
Eleanor's father John Middleton Salisbury married Susannah Webster on 16th May 1832 in Derbyshire. Eleanor appears to have been an only surviving child and had been christened at Sheffield on 23rd March 1834. Ann Trease's children went to stay with her around 1892 and always referred to her, as "Aunt Hardy".
In 1862 Eleanor, 30, married William Hardy, a Kimberley brewer aged 33. The story of the Hardy Brewery provides background to the Trease's connection with Kimberley and is in itself fascinating.
Briefly, in 1850, when William was 21 and his brother, Thomas, a lad of 18, they had started together as wholesale beer merchants, buying in bulk from brewers in Nottingham and Derby, and selling to country landowners, farmers and publicans. From the outset they had been markedly successful and by 1857 although they were purchasing nearly the whole output of three breweries they still could not keep pace with the requirements of their rapidly growing business. The logical next step was to start brewing for themselves so they established the brewing company W & T Hardy and bought Robinson's an established Kimberley brewery. In that same year, the younger brother Thomas married Mary Ann Tyzack, who was a daughter of Ebenezer Tyzack, of the Sheffield firm W.Tyzack & Sons.
During the early years of the brewery, they brewed night and day six days a week. William conducted the brewings and managed the brewery while Thomas travelled five days a week selling beer around the county attending on other days to the financial part of the business. The business continued to prosper and in 1861, they bought an acre of land in Kimberley and engaged Robert Grace an architect from Burton-on-Trent to design a brand new "ten quarter" brewery. This was a sizeable concern - the stables alone accommodated 40 dray horses. The chimney, which was still surviving in 2002, had the inscription W & T H 1861 round it.
On June 25th 1862, the year after building the new brewery, William married Eleanor Salisbury in the parish church in Sheffield. The two events wer probably connected. The work involved in getting the new brewery built and running the established business must have been excessive even for an apparent workaholic like William and the distraction of getting married at the same time would have been too much. Like William Hardy's brother's wife, Mary Ann, Eleanor was the daughter of a Sheffield businessman. There may be some connection between the two wives - possibly they had been part of the same social set in Sheffield. Eleanor's father, John Middleton Salisbury, ran a business of chemist & druggist from premises in Sheffield Moor and judging from his estate when he died had become very well off. Eleanor would almost certainly have been used to living in some style. As an only child, the wedding in Sheffield would have been a very important occasion for her parents and one imagines it may been quite a lavish affair.
It is almost inconceivable that William and Eleanor did not intend to have children but it is also clear that the marriage ended childless. Whether they could not have children or whether the children they had all died in their infancy is not currently known. Whatever it was it would almost certainly have been a great disappointment to them. William continued working with his brother until the 18th February 1875 when he then retired aged 46 and dissolved the partnership. It is very strange that someone who has devoted 25 years of their working life to building a business should retire in their prime of life. What prompted this is not known - it could have been because of ill-health but it also could have been the realisation that their would be no heirs to whom to pass the business and therefore what was the point in working any more?
Rather than continue as a sleeping partner he sold his share in the business to his brother on the 7th May 1875 for £2,500. The business continued to grow and although £2,500 was a substantial sum, it pales into insignificance when compared with the £400,000 the total business was worth 20 years later. The business William and his brother established was certainly a financial success story. The business became known as Hardy's and Hanson's Ltd., and existed as an independent brewer with about 200 licensed houses through to 2009.
About the time William retired, the Great Northern Railway company wanted to build a line into Kimberley station but a row of cottages was in the way. Fortunately for William but unfortunately for the railway company, the cottages were his. It perhaps illustrates William's business acumen that he was able to negotiate a brilliant deal with them. In return for demolishing two of the four cottages, the railway company agreed to construct a new house for him. This house was called the Firs and was no ordinary building. It was the first in Kimberley to be centrally heated, achieved through warm air being circulated through the large cavity walls. At the back of the house was a magnificent stained glass window representing the "Four Ages of Man". Included in the deal were stables, coachhouse and conservatory etc.
Despite much local opposition the house was demolished in 1988. Local residents rescued the stained glass window from Sotheby's. In 2002 it was adorning the end wall of Kimberley Parish Hall and looked spectacular especially when the backlit. The stable buildings were converted into two dwellings and thus saved complete with the weather vane at one end adorned with a large H (for Hardy). Much of the history of the building related above was provided by Roy Plumb, a local historian, who was also a prominent figure in the efforts to save the house.
Like many well-off Victorians, William and Eleanor lived a very comfortable life by present day standards. They employed three staff who lived on the premises, a housekeeper, who managed the affairs of the house, a housemaid, who did all the routine housework, and a cook.
They therefore had plenty of leisure time and as their marriage was childless, they had no children or grandchildren to absorb their time. William had been an extremely active person before retirement and one imagines that he would have harnessed his energies to some purpose in retirement but nothing has appeared so far.
William and Eleanor certainly did plenty of entertaining and regularly had visitors staying with them. William Hardy's Will refers to musical instruments, so it is possible that he or Eleanor played music. They also would have read. "Aunt Hardy" was, like the Rugeley Salisburys, very active in the cause of the Primitive Methodists. She, and William helped finance the building of the Primitive Methodist Chapel in Kimberley, opened in 1876.
Life continued in what one imagines was a comfortable and pleasant way until one month in 1893, when Aunt Hardy lost the two men who had been closest to her. On the 9th March 1893, her father, John Middleton Salisbury, died. On the 4th April, her husband William died. As she had no children of her own, the only surviving blood relatives of the Sheffield branch of the Salisbury family were now herself, Ann in self-imposed "exile" in Australia, and Ann's children. It seemed natural for her to become unofficial "guardian" of Ann's children who were the only Salisburys left to continue her line of the family. As she was materially very well off, had the space at The Firs to accommodate those of the family who wished to stay and the staff to do the work, there were no obstacles to the arrangement.
So in 1893, the children, who were by then quite grown up, the youngest being Edith who was 15, went to stay with their Aunt Hardy. The Firs effectively became the family home for the next 17 years until Aunt Hardy herself died.
RETURN to HENRY TREASE'S LIFE STORY
1870 1870 Providence Chapel, Rugeley, district of Lichfield in the County of Stafford. 164. 4th January 1870 Henry Trease, 25, commercial traveller of 9 Albion Terrace, Coventry, son of John Trease, Gentleman, to Ann Salisbury, 22, of Oaklands, Rugeley, daughter of William B. Salisbury, Gentleman. Marriage by licence and according to the rites of the Independents. Witnessed by William B. Salisbury, George Trease and John Baker Independent Minister (per copy marriage certificate dated 25Jun1992) 1875 Partnership with Henry Bowrey dissolved 1876 Partnership with George Warburton Lewis dissolved 1880 Burton Brewery Co. Ltd (Henry Trease, manager) 248 Castle st. Dudley (Kellys, Guildhall Library) 1881 Census 3Apr1881 248 Castle St., Dudley, St Edmund's parish RG11/2879 Dist 27C p8 ent38 Henry Trease Head Mar 37 Brewery agent
William H Trease Son 5 Scholar
John Jones Head Mar 42 Brewer's Drayman
Annie M Jones Wife Mar 36
Jessie L Jones Daur 2
Eleanor M Jones Daur 4mos
Elizabeth Winney Visitor 15 Scholar----
Jonathan W Moon Lodger Unm 56 Keeper of Union Offices
1881 Census 3Apr1881 95 Ashted Road, Duddeston, Aston RG11/3027 Dist50 p25 ent152 Hannah R White Head ..... ..... Schoolmistress
Mary White Niece ..... .....
Eleanor Trease Unm 10
Florence Trease Unm 9
Ethel Trease Unm 8
1884 Burton Brewery Co. Ltd (Henry Trease, manager) 17 New st. Dudley (Kellys) 1888 Henry Trease, Dixon's Green road, Dudley (Kellys) 1889 p708 Private Residents Trease, Henry, Sunnyside, Leighton Road (PO Guidhall Library) 1891 Henry Trease, Brewer's manager, Grosvenor Place South, High St (Annuaire - Cheltenham Library) 1891 Census 5Apr1891 13 Grosvenor Place South, Cheltenham RG12/2044 Dist9 p15 Ent113 Henry Trease Head Wid'r 47 Brewer's traveller
Nellie Trease Daur S 20 Teachers of music
Florence do " S 19 " " "
Willie do Son S 15 Scholar
Edith do Daur S 13 "
Helen Ford " S 15 Domestic servant b.Cheltenham
(The ditto against the domestic indicating daughter is hopefully a census return error!)
1892 Henry Trease, Brewer's manager, Grosvenor Place South, High St (Annuaire - Cheltenham Library) 1893 Henry Trease, Brewer's manager, Ivy Lawn, Alstone (Annuaire - Cheltenham Library) 1894 Mr Sharpe, Ivy Lawn, Alstone (Annuaire - Cheltenham Library) (There is no record of Henry in the 1894 Cheltenham Annuaire and "Ivy Lawn" is shown with a new occupant. In the 1892 Annuaire Ivy Lawn is not listed so it appears probable it was a newly built house - unless house renamed) 1895 Henry Trase, Brewers traveller, 12 Norfolk Street (Kelly's - Derby - Guildhall Lib.) 1895 Henry Trease, Brewer's traveller, 12 Norfolk Street (Bulmers - Derby - Guildhall Lib.) 1895 Directory. 162 Brook Street Henry TREASE Brewer's Traveller 1897 1897 sub-district Derby in the county borough of Derby in the county of Derby 308. Twenty fourth May 1897, at 75 Northumberland Street, Henry Trease, 53 years, Commercial Traveller, cause - apoplexy 36 hours certified by W.H.Wright L.R.C.P., notified by William Trease Brother 63 Horninglow Street, Burton on Trent on 24th May 1897. H. Evans Registrar
(Per copy death certificate dated 18May1992)
The London Gazette April 27th 1875
NOTICE is hereby given that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us the undersigned, Henry Bowrey and Henry Trease, carrying on the trade or business of Stone and Marble Masons at the Midland Marble Works, Edmund street, Birmingham in the county of Warwickshire under the style of Bowrey and Trease, is dissolved by mutual consent. All debts owing by and due to the said firm will be paid and received by the said Henry Bowrey. - dated this 21st day of April 1875.
List of Midland's Monumental masons compiled by Mike Jee: - (on Internet)
1875 Bowrey and Trease New Edmund Street, Birmingham Stone and marble
1876 Bowrey and Orwin 8 1/2 New Edmund Street, Birmingham Stone and marble
1878 London Gazette 10Dec1878 meeting of creditors called by Henry Bowrey and Thomas Peacock Orwin under terms of bankruptcy Act
The London Gazette June 27th 1876
NOTICE is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us the undersigned George Warburton Lewis and Henry Trease, at Great Bloxwich, in the parish of Walsall, in the county of Stafford, as Colliery Proprietors, also at the Parks, near Hazlewell Mill, Stitchley Street, in the parish of Kingshorton, in the county of Worcester, and at Hob-lane, in the parish of Aston-juxta-Birmingham, in the County of Warwick, as Brick Manufacturers, under the style or firm of Lewis and Trease, has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. All debts due form and owing to the said late firm will be paid and received by the said Henry Trease, who will in future carry on the said business - Dated this 22nd day of June 1876.
George Warburton Lewis
Book on Birmingham Brick Manufacturers lists: -(per Internet)
Lewis and Frease Hobmoor Lane
John Cox & Co Hobmoor Lane
RETURN to START of DATA for HENRY TREASE
Ann SALISBURY Parents' marriage (register entry) 1845 m. Eleanor Salisbury & William Bartholomew Salisbury (Sheffield RD Jul-Aug-Sep 1845 XXII 538) 1847 1847 Lichfield. Sub district Rugeley in the county of Stafford. 32. 11th September 1847, Rugeley, Ann, girl, father- William Bartholomew Salisbury, Saddler, mother - Eleanor Salisbury formerly Salisbury, notified by William Bartholomew Salisbury, father, of Rugely, on 24th September 1847. John Armishaw, Registrar.
(per Copy birth certificate dated 20th July 1992)
Brother's birth (register entry) 1850 b. Drayton Salisbury (Lichfield RD Oct-Nov-Dec 1850 XVII 85) Grandfather's death? (register entry) 1853 d. Samuel Salisbury (Lichfield RD Jul-Aug-Sep 1853 6b 182) (Note -1860 Kelly's directory shows a Samuel Salisbury still living in Rugely so likely this entry is not for grandfather) Mother's death? (register entry) 1854 d. Eleanor Salisbury (Lichfield RD Oct-Nov-Dec 1854 6b 195) 1880 d. Drayton Salisbury age 29 (Stourbridge RD Apr-May-Jun 1880 6c 112) 1880 18th June. Death Certificate - Drayton Salisbury 1880 17th August Bankruptcy - William Bartholomew Salisbury 1881 Probate. Drayton Salisbury 26th March 1881 Administration of the Personal Estate of Drayton Salisbury late of Wordsley in the County of Worcester Glass Blower a bachelor who died 18th June 1880 at Wordsley was granted at Worcester to William Bartholomew Salisbury of Dollobran-road Spark Brook Birmingham in the County of Warwick Gentleman The Father and Next of Kin. Effects under £200 1883 Administration of father's estate 1884 Passenger list entry (arrival in Melbourne) SS Orient arrived in Melbourne in May 1884. Captain was W.F.Hewison.
Microfiche B435 Page 1. Contract Ticket Number 26
Evelyn A Clarke Age 26
William Clarke Age 20 Labourer
Route from 1883 on - London, Gibraltar, Port Said, Suez, Colombo, Albany, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydny
1899 272 234 Johnstone St., Fitzroy, June 29th 1899 William Clarke, Bachelor, born Staffordshire, England, Traveller, age 34, presently and usually residing at Spottiswoode, parents, Henry Clarke, Miller, and Alice Clarke (maiden name Barton) to Evelyn Ann Salisbury, Spinster, born in Italy, Domestic duties, age 42, presently and usually residing at Spottiswoode, parents, William Bartholomew Salisbury, Gentleman, and Eleanor Salisbury (maiden name Villiers)
Marriage by licence and according to the rites of the Primitive Methodist Church. Witnessed by Annie E Lord ?, Laura Brown, and Henry Heathershaw, Methodist Minister
1914 From Meryl Pyle's letter of 23rd October 1994:- "I rang Springvale Cemetery, they are all on computer now, and they tell me that Evelyn Ann is buried in the C of E section - with William, who was buried 4Nov1914. (before son Henry married). 1916 From Meryl Pyle's letter of 23rd October 1994:- "1916.. Henry Barton Clarke married Kathleen Summers/McMahon - not sure which is maiden name and which is previous marriage name" 1934 14th March 1934, at "Vaucluse" Private Hospital, Moreland Road, Brunswick, City of Brunswick, County of Bourke, U.R Cumberland Street, Pascoe Vale, City of Coburg, Evelyn Ann Clarke, of no occupation, female, aged 88 years. Died of Cardiac and respiratory failure, last illness - senility, Dr. L. Edmunds, last saw deceased on 14th March1934. Father - christian name unknown, surname Salisbury, mother's christian name and maiden name unknown, surname Salisbury. Occupation unknown. Informant - Frank Garson, authorised agent, High Street, Malvern. Registered by J H E Horrow on 23rd March 1934 Buried on 16th March 1934 at Spring Vale Cemetery. Undertaker F Garson acting for Drayton and Garson. Minister or witnesses - A. Norris, A. Plant. Where born - unknown. In Australia about 55 years in Victoria. First marriage - where - unknown, when - unknown - Henry Trease, Issue William - age unknown, Percy - deceased. Second marriage - Melbourne, Australia, date unknown to William Clarke Deceased, Issue - Henry Barton 44 years.
(per copy death register entry dated 13Sep1994)
1961 Copy 13Oct1994. Schedule no LC22236/61. Deaths in State of Victoria : - 30th October 1961, at Claremont Avenue, The Basin, usually residing at Lot 1, John Street, Wandin North, Henry Barton Clarke, Bootmaker, male, 72 years from Coronary atherosclerosis, myocardial degeneration. The City Coroner Mr W H Pascoe ordered burial of the body without inquest. Father, Henry Clarke, mother, Ellen Clarke, formerly Salisbury, occupations unknown. Informant is stepdaughter, F.R.Arman, 36 Wilson Way, Blaxland, New South Wales. Registered 30th November 1961, Melbourne. Burial 2nd November 1961 at Springvale Cemetery witnessed by E.Handley, E.Boileau, M.Miller. Deceased born in Melbourne, resident in Australia 72 years, married at Trentham, Victoria, at age 23 to Kathleen Summers, Widower, no issue.
RETURN to START of DATA for ANN SALISBURY
Drayton Salisbury - Death
Copy death certificate dated 11 Sep 2002 :-
1880 sub-district Kingswinford in the county of Stafford
351. 18th June 1880 Wordsley, Drayton Salisbury, Male, 29 years, Glass Maker, Died from opium poisoning that he had taken it himself in ignorance of the proper dose, Certificate received from W.H.Phillips coroner for Staffordshire Inquest held 19th June 1880 22nd June 1880, registered Twenty Eighth June 1880, W.M.Pritchard Registrar.
RETURN to START of DATA for ANN SALISBURY
The London Gazette - August 17th 1880
The Bankruptcy Act 1869
In the County Court of Staffordshire, holden at Stafford. In the Matter of Bankrptcy, Petition against William Bartholomew Salisbury, of the Oaklands, Rugeley, in the County of Stafford, Gentleman.
UPON the hearing of this Petition this day, and upon proof satisfactory to the Court of the debt of the Petitioner, and of the act or acts of bankruptcy alleged to have been committed by the said William Bartholomew Salisbury having been given, it is ordered that the said William Bartholomew Salisbury be, and he is hereby, adjudged bankrupt. - Given under Seal of Court this 12th day of August 1880.
RETURN to START of DATA for ANN SALISBURY
William Bartholomew Salisbury - Administration
Father's death (Photocopy of pre-printed grant form. Handwritten entries shown in bold)
On the 19th day of October 1883, Letters of Administration of the Personal Estate of William Bartholomew Salisbury late of No. 121 Stratford Road, Birmingham, in the County of Warwick, Gentleman, deceased, who died on the 4th day of May 1882, at No. 121 Stratford Road aforesaid, a Widower and intestate were granted by Her Majesty's High Court of Justice in the District Registry attached to the Probate Division thereof at Birmingham to Ann Trease (Wife of Henry Trease Brewers Agent) of No. 187 Shobnall Street, Burton-on-Trent in the County of Stafford, the natural lawful, and only Child, and only next of Kin of the said deceased, she having been first sworn duly to administer.
Sureties Thomas Dunn of No. 27 Braithwaite Road Birmingham aforesaid Gentleman and William Rankin of Handsworth in the County of Stafford Gentleman
Gross (?) Value of Personal Estate £ 5:0:0 No Leaseholds
Extracted by G.T.Smith Solicitor, Birmingham.
RETURN to START of DATA for ANN SALISBURY
Research into Salisbury family of Rugeley
Entries in Staffordshire Advertiser
Miss Salisbury m 7/8/1806
Miss Salisbury m 19/11/1808
Copy of Landor family Conveyance in Rugeley Library (dated 21/11/1829)
At top right of map a plot of land measuring 84 feet marked to Mr Samuel Salisbury - fronting Albion Street (at rear Forge Lane?)
Rugeley Trade Directory entries
Directories: PO = Post Office, KEL = Kelly's, RD = Rugeley Directory, PIG = Pigot & Co, HH = Harrison, Harrod & Co., TR = Handwritten transcript (source unknown) Locations: BUR = Burton-on-Trent Lib., GHL = Guildhall Lib., RUG = Rugely Library, RUG* = copy Rugeley Library
1793 RD RUG* No entries 1818 RD RUG* Salisbury, Samuel, saddler etc, Bridge End 1834 TR RUG* Salisbury, Samuel, Maltster, Market St. Salisbury, William Bartholomew, Saddler, Market St. 1841 PIG RUG* Saddlers & Harness Makers, Salisbury, William, Market Street Maltsters, Salisbury, Samuel, Market Street Linen & Woollen Drapers, Salisbury, Samuel, Market Place 1850 KEL RUG* Nobility, Gentry, Clergy Mr Samuel Salisbury, Albion St Commercial Salisbury, Samuel, linen & woollen draper & silk mercer,agent to Royal Exchange fire & life assurance, Market Pl. Salisbury, William Bartholomew, Saddler, Harness maker, & maltster, Lower Brook St. 1860 KEL RUG Private Residents, Salisbury, Mr Samuel Commercial Salisbury, Samuel, Linen& Woollen Draper, Lower Brook St. Salisbury, Samuel, tailor, market place Salisbury, William Bartholomew, saddler & maltster, Lower Brook St. 1861 HH RUG* Salisbury, Bartholomew, saddler & harness maker & maltster, Lower Brook St. Salisbury, Samuel, tailor, Market Place Salisbury, Samuel, Linen& woollen draper 1864 KEL RUG* Salisbury, William Bartholomew, saddler & harness maker & maltster, Lower Brook St. 1868 PO BUR Salisbury, William Bartholomew Lower Brook St; saddler & harness maker & maltster Residence Stone House Farm 1870 PO BUR Salisbury, William Bartholomew Oaklands, Chaseley 1870 KEL RUG* Salisbury, William Bartholomew Oaklands, Chaseley 1872 PO BUR Salisbury, William Bartholomew Oaklands, Chaseley 1872 KEL RUG* Salisbury, William Bartholomew Oaklands, Chaseley 1876 KEL RUG* Salisbury, William Bartholomew Oaklands, Chaseley 1880 KEL RUG* Salisbury, William Bartholomew Oaklands, Chaseley 1880 PO GHL William Bartholomew Salisbury, Oaklands, Chaseley 1900 KEL RUG No Salisburys recorded at Rugeley
Samuel Salisbury (William's father) arrived in Rugely between 1793 & 1818. He retired and handed over his maltster business to William between 1841 & 1850. He died between 1860 & 1864 (when his name no longer appeared in Kelly's).
Samuel Salisbury (William's brother) retired between 1861 & 1864 (when his name no longer appeared in the directory.
William retired in 1869 (he had retired before Ann's marriage on 4Jan1870)
Extracts from Newspapers
Rugely Times 18/12/1971
"Precursor to the Urban District Council was the Rugely Board. It held its first meeting on October 17th 1865 attended by 12 of its 15 members: -
Abraham Whitworth, Thomas Clarke, Henry Ford Hawkins, Ralph Mellard, Dr Monckton, Joseph Burnell, Thomas James, Samuel Timmis, Wiliam Drury, Thomas Greensmith, John Markham, and William Bartholomew Salisbury. The 3 non-attendees were C. Peake, D. Wodroffe, & J.H.Moxon.
William Bartholomew Salisbury was elected as the first chairman and he continued as such till Lady Day (25th March) 1880 .. "
The Staffordshire Advertiser 27th & 29th June 1878
(regarding the construction of the new town hall)
"On June 26th, 1878 the foundation stones were laid, one by the Earl of Lichfield who had given the site and another by William Salisbury then Chairman of the Local Board"
"Opened 28th June 1879 by Earl of Shrewsbury. Bells peeled merrily, 130 at lunch, 23 speeches .."
1881 Census Return
3rd April 1881 RG11/3018 District 37 Page 12 Entry 47 27 Dolobran Rd
Samuel Sailsbury Head Mar 71 Draper only Painup? Rugeley,Staffs
William Henry Sailsbury Son Unm 39 " (? illegible) " "
Mary Jane Sailsbury Daur Unm 37 " "
William B Sailsbury Bro Unm 71 Farmer retired London
William Sailsbury Bro Unm 71 Saddler do London
(This is in very faint writing. Name is written as Sailsbury. The occupations of William and William B appear transposed and William B is incorrectly shown as Unm. If the three brothers were all 71, then two must have been twins. Birthplaces indicate that William B and William must have been the twins OR ages entered incorrectly OR there was a mix up and the last entry is spurious. Interestingly, no twin brother shown on chart in 2.1 but other details on that chart are confirmed)
RETURN to START of DATA for ANN TREASE
Research into Clarke family of Burton on Trent
William Clarke's Parents' Marriage
Copy 24July1995 1862 Parish Church of Duffield Derby
417 February 12th 1862 Henry Clarke, 27, Bachelor, Stone Merchant, Buton on Trent, Father, William Clarke, Mason & Builder to Alice Barton, 23, Spinster, of Duffield, Father, John Barton deceased.
Marriage according to rites of established church after Banns. Witnessed by William Slater, Richard Clarke, Agnes Burton & Frank Moore, Vicar.
William Clarke's Parents' Deaths
Probate Entry 26June1877 The Will of Henry Clarke late of Rocester in the County of Stafford Corn Miller and Stone Merchant who died 24 March 1877 at Rocester was proved at Lichfield by Alice Clarke of Waterloo St Burton upon Trent in the said county widow the relict one of the executors. Effects under £600.
Probate Entry 4Aug1881 The Will of Alice Clarke late of Victoria Villa Winshill in the County of Derby Widow who died 17 September 1880 at Winshill was proved by Richard Clarke of Burton on Trent in the County of Stafford Brewer's Surveyor one of the executors. Personal Estate £195 6s 9d.
Mar1877 Henry Clarke 43 Uttoxeter 6b234 Sep1880 Alice Clarke 43 Burton 6b253
Grandparents' & Uncle's death
Probate entry 28Sep1872 The will with a codicil of William Clarke late of Burton upon Trent in the County of Stafford who died 30July1872 at Buton upon Trent was proved at Lichfield by Mary Clarke of Burton on Trent Widow the Relict Henry Clarke of Rocester in the said County Stone Merchant and Richard Clarke of Burton upon Trent Land Surveyor the Sons and Henry Mason of Burton on Trent Builder the Exors
Effects under £3000
Probate entry 13Oct1883 The Will of Mary Clarke late of 60 Guild St Burton upon trent in the County of Stafford Widow who died 8 September 1883 at 60 Guild St was proved at Lichfield by Richard Clarke of St Paul's Square in the borough of Burton upon Trent Surveyor the Son one of the Executors
Probate entry Richard Clarke of 8 St Pauls Square Burton on Trent died 7th February 1924 Probate London 15 May to Mary Ellen Clarke widow. Effects £13,382 14s 3d.
d. Richard Clarke 86 (Burton RD Jan-Feb-Mar 1924 6b518)
1871 60 Guild St. Burton RG10/2904 Folio 82 Page 27 Entry 8
William Clarke Head Mar 71 Stone Mason ?, London
Mary " Wife Mar 71 Stapenhill, Derby
Richard " Son Single 33 Engineer's Asst BurtonT, Staffs
Ellen " Grchild " 19 Dressmaker " "
Annie Summerside " " 6 Derby
Maria Turner Servant " 18 Servant Buton T, Staffs
3rd April 1881 60 Guild St. Burton 11/2762 Dist 8 Page 9 Folio 8 Entry 37
(entry 83 is 63 Horninglow St.)
Mary Clarke Head Wid 81
Annie Summerside GrDr Unm 16 Assistant in shop Derby, Derby
William Clarke GrSon Unm 16 Brewers Timekeeper Staffs, Rocester
Sarah Hatchett Servt Unm 16 General Domestic Serv Derby, Edingdale
RETURN to START of DATA for ANN TREASE
Eleanor Salisbury Trease 1870 b. Eleanor Salisbury Trease (Coventry RD Oct-Nov-Dec 1870 6d 435) 1898 Copy Certificate- at the Ledbury District Register Office in counties of Herefordshire & Worcester 20 July 23 1898 James Oscar Parker, 53, Widower, Journalist of 236 Monument Road, Birmingham, son of James Maddison Parker, deceased, merchant and Eleanor Trease, 27, Spinster, of Sunny Glen, West Malvern, daughter of Henry Trease, deceased, traveller.
Marriage by licence in the Register Office before Jas Owen Registrar and Richard Hornes Superintendent Registrar. Witnessed by Henry Morgan and Fanny Morgan.
1927 d. James O Parker 82 (Godstone RD Jul-Aug-Sep 1927 2a 247) 1933 20Jan1933 Cecil Hayes Court of 183 Gloucester-terrace Bayswater Middlesex died 18th August 1932 at St. Mary's Hospital Paddington Middlesex
Administration (with Will) (limited) London 20th January 1933 to Alfred Walter Philip Court paper merchant.
Effects £5264.18s.0d Resworn at £4,933.14s.5d
1959 12May1959 Eleanor Salisbury Parker of 95 Elphinstone Road Hastings died 18 February 1959 at 2 St Matthews Gardens St. Leonards-on-Sea
Probate Lewes 12 May to Richard Thomas Henry Perkins solicitor. Effects £12,971.15s.2d
RETURN to START of DATA for ELEANOR TREASE
James Oscar PARKER His parents 1820 b. 11Jul1820 Hinsdale, Cheshire, New Hampshire, USA James Madison Parker son of James and Miranda (New Hampshire, Birth Records, Early to 1900. Film:1001030 digital:4244275 image: 04842) 1844 m. 14Nov1844 Boston, Suffolk, MA James Parker and Mary Ann Marden (Massachusetts, Marriages, 1695-1910 I01198-0) ?1850 Boston, Ward 2, Suffolk, MA Jas M Parker 32 Merchant b. MA
? 30 b. MA
Jas Parker 10 b. MA
(1850 US National Census M432-334 p:181B image:368)
1855 MAS State Census. Charlestown, Ward 03, Middx. Family:1058 Line:35 Film:000953949 Fldr:004279345 Image:00248 Jas M Parker 35 b. NH
Mary A Parker 35 b. MA
Jas Parker 10 b. MA
Alfred Parker 1 b. MA
Cath Feeney 22 b. Ireland
Louisa Stark 18 b. England
Wm A Johnson 4 b. MA
Eliza Wheeler 18 b. MA
1860 Charlestown, Middx, Massachusetts Jas M Parker 39 Agriculture Ware b. NH
Mary A Parker 40 b. MA
Jas O Parker 15 b. MA
Alfred A Parker 6 b. MA
Miranda Cooper 36 b. NH
Abby Toomey 20 Domestic b. Ireland
(1860 US National Census M653-512 p:182 image:182)
1867 m. 23Jul1867 Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA James M Parker, 47, married, b.1820 s/o James and Miranda and Emma Adelia DOW single, d/o Henry and Martha Jane
(Massachusetts, Marriages, 1841-1915 Record:181 Film:1433025 Folder:4279279 Image 00909)
1870 Census. Massachusetts Jas M Parker 49 Agriculture Ware b. MA
Emma Parker 40 b. New Brunswick
Mary Dow 17 b. New Brunswick
Kate Cary 26 b. Ireland
Mary Desmond 23 b. Ireland
1877 b. - Parker child of James M b. New Hampshire & Emma A Parker b. St. John, New Brunswick 1878 d. 31May1878 308, Main Street, Boston, Massachusetts. James M Parker, 57, Married, Merchant b. Hinsdale 1821 son of James and Miranda
(Massachusetts, Deaths, 1841-1915. v 303 p 111 film:960215 folder:4221430 image: 450)
His brother 1854 b. 12Feb1854 Charlestown, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Alfred Augustine Parker son of James M. & Mary (Massachusetts, Births and Christenings, 1639-1915 C50205-2 film:859617) J.O. Parker's 1st Wife Clara Maynard 1895 08Nov1895 Passport application New York State "abroad temporarily and intend to return within one year" .. Clara Maynard Parker .. b. 25Feb1850 Williamsport PA .. height; 5' 3" .. 102 West 58th St. New York City 1900 Boston, Ward 11, Suffolk, MA James A Parker Head 31 Lawyer b. May 1869 b. PA
Clara M Parker Mother 50 Widowed b. Feb 1850 PA father:b.PA mother:b.NY
Jennie M Sutherland 33
J.O. Parker's son James Alfred Parker 1869 b. 30May1869 c. 03Jun1870 Williamsport son of James Oscar Parker and wife Clara Maynard Parker Witnesses: John Eutermarks and others (Harvard College Class of 1891)
JAMES ALFRED PARKER
Writes : " I entered the Law School of Columbia University in the fall of 1891, with seven or eight other '91 men, and received my degree of LL. B. in the spring of 1894. After graduating from the Law School I was offered, and accepted, a position in the law department of the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York, as assistant of the company's general counsel. I have remained with the law department ever since that time."
James Alfred Parker, New York City. A. B., Harvard Univ., 1891. Life Insurance and Municipal Securities. No. 59 Cedar St.
James Oscar Parker 1863 Sophomores Class List includes: - Parker, James Oscar Residence: Charlestown Room: C13
(Oficers and students of Harvard Sep 1863 - Sep 1864) - Sophomore: "in 2nd year of study"
1866 (Class of 1866 Harvard College Pi Eta Society - James Oscar Parker 1862-6, A.B, A.M 1872)
The class election of 1866 was a stormy affair. Rivalry between the Hasty Pudding Society and the O.K. ran high. There came between them as a rival for official honors the Pi Eta Society, just formed. The election lasted from 7.30 p.m. to 1 a.m. The present writer was moderator, with an experience that has stood him in good stead ever since. The ticket finally elected was: Orator, Moorfield Storey; Poet, Amos Kidder Fiske; Odist, Henry Foster Buswell; Chief Marshal, Robert Swain Peabody; Assistant Marshals, James Oscar Parker, Frank Wright; Class Day Committee, George Derby Welles, William Levi Parker, Justin Edwards Gale; Chaplain, George Batchelor; Class Secretary, William Gilson Farlow; Chorister, George Laurie Osgood; Class Committee, John Davis Williams, Edward Henry Clark. 1868 m. 17Jun1868 Williamsport "J.O.Parker Esq., and Clara Maynard were married June 17 1868 in Williamsport by the Rev H S Spackman"
(The Muncy Luminary Newspaper June 1868)
1868 Thumbnail biography - Judge Maynard 1869 (Harvard Class of 1866 report. July 1866 - June 1869) James Oscar Parker born in Boston, May 21 1845
"After graduating he went to Williamsport PA and entered into the banking business. During the winter of 1867-1868 he studied Law at Albany Law School and obtained the degree of LLB. He then returned to Williamsport and entered into partnership with J.W.Maynard & Co. June 17th 1868 he was married to Miss Clara, daughter of J.W.Maynard of Williamsport. Address: J.W.Maynard & Co., Williamsport, PA."
1870 US National Census Ward 5, Williamsport, Lycoming, PA John H Maynard 64 Lawyer
Almira Maynard 52
James W Maynard 26 Lumberman
J O Parker 25 lawyer b. MA
Clara Parker 22 Lawyer b. PA
James Parker 1 b. PA
Lizzie Willard 15 Living with Aunt b. PA
Maggie Parker 27 b. Ireland
Kate Parker? 20 b. Ireland
Lizzie Parker? 18 b. PA
1881 12Sep1881 Passport Application County of Lycoming, PA I, James Oscar Parker, do swear that I was born in the City of Boston Massachusetts on or about the 24th day of May 1845 and that I am a native and loyal citizen of the US and about to travel abroad with my wife Clara aged 31 and my son James Alfred aged 12.
I Benjamin Stuart Bentley do swear that I am acquainted with the above named James Oscar Parker
Height: 5ft 7ins. High forehead. Dark grey eyes. Medium nose. Medium mouth. Round chin. Dark brown hair. Florid complexion. Oval face.
Address: James O parker, Williamsport, PA
Sworn 12Sep1881 before Henry W Watson (notary public)
1883 Aug1883. Elopes with young woman and embezzles funds 1891 Census. 7 Acacia Grove Camberwell, St Stephens Parish, Dulwich (RG12/461 f120 p49) James O Parker Head M 45 Journalist/Author b. USA
Eleanor Parker Daur 3 b. Manchester, Lancashire
Dorothy Parker Daur 1 b. Putney, Surrey
Laura Halls Servant 18 Gen. Servant Dom.
1898 Copy Marriage Certificate: - 1898 at the Ledbury District Register Office in counties of Herefordshire & Worcester
20 July 23 1898 James Oscar Parker, 53, Widower, Journalist of 236 Monument Road, Birmingham, son of James Maddison Parker, deceased, merchant
and Eleanor Trease, 27, Spinster, of Sunny Glen, West Malvern, daughter of Henry Trease, deceased, traveller.
Marriage by licence in the Register Office before Jas Owen Registrar and Richard
Hornes Superintendent Registrar. Witnessed by Henry Morgan and Fanny Morgan.
1901 Census. 7 Exbury Rd., St Georges Parish, Lewisham, Catford (RG13/552 f78 p19) James O Parker Head M 56 Journalist/Author US American Citizen
Eleanor Parker Wife M 30 b. Coventry, Warwick
Eleanor Parker Daur S 13 b. Manchester, Lancs
Dorothy Parker Daur S 11 b. Putney, London
Florence Trease SinLaw 29 Governess b. Coventry, Warwick
Florence S Kemp Serv S 17 General Servant b. W. Burwash, Sussex
1902 7 Exbury Rd., Catford, James O Parker (1902 Kellys Dir. ) 190? Book - Origin of Species by C. Darwin Inscribed in ink on front: " Oscar Parker Mabel Cottage"
Publisher: John Murray, Albemarle St., London W 1901 (so after 1901)
1911 Census. Beachcroft, St Margarets bay, St Margarets at Cliffe RG14 /4587) James Oscar Parker Head 65 Editor and author. Eleanor Parker Wife 40 Married:13 years Children born:2 Children died:2 1927 James O Parker 82 (Godstone RD Jul-Aug-Sep 1927 2a 247) 1931 (Secretary's report June 1931, Class of 1866) JAMES OSCAR PARKER. Born 21May1845. His address is unknown to the Secretary.
WILLIAM LEVI PARKER. Born at Boston, 20Mar1844. Died at Oswego, N. Y., 30Nov1888. (Not a close relative)
His daughter Eleanor PARKER (aka "Young Nell") 1888? b. Eleanor Parker (Garstang RD Apr-May-Jun 1888 8e 724) (Garstang is just east of Blackpool so hardly Manchester - no suitable Manchester registration) His daughter Dorothy PARKER (aka "dot") 1889 b. Dorothy Parker (Wandsworth RD Oct-Nov-Dec 1d 757) 1911 Census. Pine Ridge, High Street, Orpington, Kent Guilford Edward Lewis 46
Dorothy Parker 22 Governess b. Putney, Middx
Click "more information" for photograph of Dot, her husband & son on this link Her son: Charles Oscar BLOODWORTH 1941 Flying Officer 45553, Observer, RAF. d. Thursday 9h October 1941, age 28. Son of Eric Charles & Dorothy Bloodworth; husband of Kathleen Mary Bloodworth, of Ampthill. i. Catania War Cemetery, Sicily. Grave I.H.5.
(courtesy of Ampthill War Memorial Roll of Honour)
John Eutermarks is listed as a lawyer admitted to this bar in 1864, and died in the fall of 1886. From 1869-70, he is listed under J. W. Maynard & Company; in 1871, he is listed under the firm name of Maynard, Eutermarks and Parker (i.e., James O., divorced husband of Clara Maynard Parker, daughter of Judge Maynard). In 1875-76, he is listed as practicing alone; from 1877 to 1879 he is partner of A. J. Webster, and again listed alone from 1881-82.
John Wesley Maynard
He was nominated for Congress by his Democratic friends from Lycoming County, but declined to run. Judge Maynard had a legal experience of more than half a century, during which time he was called upon to conduct many of the most important cases in Pennsylvania and New York. He married (1) Ann, daughter of Thomas and Nabby Mather, of Burlington, N. Y., May 18, 1830. They were the parents of one child, Sarah Ann, who became the wife of W. W. Willard. Mrs. Maynard died Dec. 25, 1832, and Judge Maynard married (2) Alvira C., daughter of Elijah De Pui. The offspring of this union were four sons and three daughters, of whom three sons and one daughter survived. The survivors were: Encie Eliza, who married (1) Peter Herdic; (2) Henry Rawle; James W.; and Clara, who married and later divorced James O. Parker, once a member of this bar. The second Mrs. Maynard died April 1, 1881, and in November 1883, he married Cordelia Bellows, who survived him. Judge Maynard died at his summer home, Minnequa Springs, Bradford County, PA., May 8, 1885.
1883 Newspaper reports
FLIGHT OF A LAWYER.; ELOPING WITH A YOUNG GIRL AND TAKING MANY THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS WITH HIM.
August 12, 1883, Wednesday
Page 1, 492 words PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 11.--A special dispatch to the Times says there has been for several days great excitement in Williamsport, Penn., caused by the flight of James O. Parker, senior member of the law firm of Parker Bentley, after embezzling a large sum of money collected by the firm. As soon as Mr Bentley became aware of the disappearance of his partner, the suspicion at once flashed upon his mind that all was not right and he started for New York on Monday night , Aug 6, to see if he could get any trace of him. This morning Mr Bentley returned from his search. He states that Parker left Williamsport on Monday night July 3 and proceeded to New York where he arrived on Tuesday morning and registered in his own name at the Hoffman House. There he remained until the following Saturday morning, when he paid his bill and left the hotel. From that time forth no further trace of him could be discovered. In the meantime Mr Bentley learned that Parker had called on a firm of brokers doing business in Pine Street on Friday, and informed them that he held a draft on New York and might want to be identified. He said he contemplated buying and while the draft was good he feared that it would not be accepted as a legal tender, and he would have to get the currency. Therefore he asked the brokers to identify him for that purpose. On July 31 about noon he called on the brokers, was identified, and drew the money at the Chemical National Bank. The draft was drawn by the Williamsport Bank for $6,270, and was made payable to the order of J. O. Parker. This money he had received from C. Larue Munson, of Williamsport, it being paid to him for certain lots in this city bought of the estate of R. W. Shenk of Lascaster for which the firm were acting as attorneys. Mr Bentley is so overwhelmed with the disaster which has overtaken him that he is unable to say at this time what the exact amount of Parker’s embezzlement is, but he fears it will run up to $30,000, as new things are constantly being developed. When Parker absconded it is though he had about $1,000 in his pocket, which with the draft collected in New York, would make $7,270. That can be traced but as it is now evident that his peculations had been going on for some time it is though that he might have got together over $20,000 which he carried way with him. One of the worst features about it is that he induced a young girl of this city, the daughter of highly respectable parents to elope with him. She is scarcely out of her teens. The supposition is that they sailed for Europe together. Parker married in 1869 a highly accomplished lady of this city, whom with a son of about 12 years of age he abandoned.
16th August 1883
James O Parker of the firm Parker and Bentley, attorneys of Williamsport, has fled from home after embezzling large sums of money, leaving his family. He is supposed to be in Europe. He was a prominent businessman and was regarded as the very soul of honor. His conduct is a severe shock to his friends.
RETURN to START of DATA for JAMES OSCAR PARKER
Florence Emily TREASE 1871 Short copy certificate in possession of the late Ivan Payne 17th December 1871 at Holy Trinity Coventry. 1913 Investment Income 1914 Marriage certificate in possession of the late Ivan Payne 1914 Parish Church, Camberwell
352 17th October 1914 Edwin Frederick Payne, 53, Widower, Accountant, of Durlstone Lodge, son of George Payne, Gentleman and Florence Emily Trease, 42, of Durlstone Manor, daughter of Henry Trease dec'd, gentleman.
Witnessed by Samuel Bright and Edith Trease. A.C. Goldfinch, curate
Florence's income statement 1913
This is a handwritten list of investment income from Frederick Cattle dated April 1st 1913, presumably for purpose of completing Tax Return (in possession of the late Ivan Payne).
Holbrook St. Heanor Derby Mr T Peabody 150 @ 4.5% 6.75 "Kirton Knoll" Heanor Rd Ilkeston W.J.Smith 300 @ 4.5% 13.50 60 Sherwood St. Nottingham M.C.Brindley 300 @ 4.5% 13.50 Horsley Woodhouse Derby James Hauley 150 @ 4.5% 6.75 "Sherwood" Harboro Rd Ashton-on-Mersey W.H.Matley 250 @ 4.5% 11.50 34 Osmond Gdns Wallington Swinford Francis 320 @ 4.5% 14.80 6 Houses Stratford St William Holmes 600 @ 4.5% 27.00 Cotmanhay Ilkeston Exors 10 Shares in Maple & Co Ltd, 149 Tottenham Court Road 1.10 2 shares in Lloyds Bank Ltd 2.18 ----- 97.08
Florence also had investments in Hardy's Breweries but maybe they didn't pay a dividend that year or Mr Cattle switched her into them subsequently. The property list appear to be mortgages - the reason that some of the calculations do not exactly match the principal amounts appears to be because the principal sums have been rounded down to the nearest £10.00.
The total capital used in the mortgages is about £2000.00 and almost certainly reflects the £2000 left to her in Aunt Hardy's will. Mortgages probably offered the best balance of income versus risk at that time. Interestingly Harboro Rd Ashton-on-Mersey was where her brother Will and his wife Corrie lived.
RETURN to START of DATA for FLORENCE EMILY TREASE
Ethel Whitehouse Trease 1873 b. Ethel Whitehouse Trease (Kings N. RD Jan-Feb-Mar 1873 6c 479) 1901 Census. 86 Milton Park, Highgate (RG13/1243 f95 p24 sch133) John T Adams 32 Furniture Warehouseman Worker b. East Minch, Norfolk
Ethel W Adams 28 b. Birmingham
William H Trease 25 Drapers Assistant b. Birmingham
Ada Wisbey 19 Domestic Servant b. London
1901 PO GHL Madame Lachausee 2 Rockley Rd, W.Kes 1902 PO GHL " " " " 1902 PO GHL Adams, John Thos 86 Milton pk, Highgate N. 1903 PO GHL " " " " 1905 PO GHL Until 1912 inc. Daniel de la Chaussee, 51 Brompton Sq. SW " (John Adams was Ethel Trease's husband & Mr de la Chaussee his employee) 1906 PO GHL Adams, John 16 Park Place Villas Maida hl W 1907 PO GHL " John Thos " " " 1908 PO GHL " " " " " 1909 PO GHL " " " " Maida hill 1911 KEL GHL Biddenden John Thomas Adams, The Bungalow 1911 Census. The Bungalow, Lathenden, Biddenden, Kent (RG14/4225 sch43) John Adams Head 42 Poultry Farmer b. East Minch Norfolk Working on own account
Ethel Adams Wife 38 b. Birmingham
4 rooms, married 13 years, 1 child born, 1 child died
1939 Probate Register entry John Thomas Adams of Hope Cottage Talbot-road Hawkhurst Kent died 18th September 1939 Probate Lewes 8 January to Ethel Whitehouse Adams widow
1961 Probate Register entry. Ethel Whitehouse Adams of 95 Elphinstone Road Hastings widow died 19 May 1961 Probate Lewes 4 September to Richard Thomas Henry Perkins solicitor
Note: Directory entries - GHL = Guildhall Library
RETURN to START of DATA for FLORENCE EMILY TREASE
William Henry TREASE 1875 Copy certificate 9Jan1981. Registration district Aston. Sub district Meritend? Warwick 500 On 28th November 1875, at 39 Glover's Road, William Henry, Son of Henry Trease and Ann Trease (nee Salisbury), notified on 14th January 1876 by Henry Trease, brickmaker, of 39 Glovers Road, Aston. Samuel Westwood Registrar. 1906 Copy certificate 2Jul1992. 1906 Holy Trinity Church, Parish of Heworth, County of York
286 September 11th 1906. William Henry Trease, 30, bachelor, draper of the Parish of St. John Longsight, Manchester, son of Henry Trease (deceased), Wine Merchant, and Cordelia Longridge Halder, 25, spinster, of Heworth, daughter of Charles Halder, Builder.
Witnessed by Charles Halder, Edith Trease, Frank Collins, and G. Yeats, vicar.
1911 Census. Cotswold, Harboro Rd., Ashton on Mersey, Cheshire (RG14/21565) William Trease 35 Skirt (?shirt) Manufacturer Employer
Cordelia Trease 29 Wife
Kenneth Trease 3 Son
Alice Saunders 17 General Servant (Domestic) b. Sale, Cheshire
5 years married, 1 child born, 1 child alive, 7 rooms
RETURN to START of DATA for WILLIAM HENRY TREASE
Edith A TREASE 1878 b. Lilian Edith A. Trease (Aston RD Jan-Feb-Mar 1878 6d 313) 1881 Census. 3rd April 1881 Entry 17 Etchinghill, Rugeley (RG11/2779 d14 p5) James Smytheman Head Mar 62 Gardener..?
Leah Smytheman Wife 54
..... children/grandchildren +
Edith Trease Boarder 3 Birmingham
1901 Census. Firs, Kimberley (RG13/3145 f23 p38) Eleanor Hardy, Head, Wid., Living on her own means, b. Sheffield
Edith TREECE, Niece, 23,, b. Birmingham
M. H. PERCY, Housekeeper, b. Bawtry, Yorks
S. A. COY, Nurse
Mary E DRAKE, Cook
Lydia KERSHAW, 21, Servant
Penelope SHAW, 56, Visitor
1906 To: Miss Trease, Redcliffe, Portree, Isle of Skye Postmark: Kimberley, Nottingham, 6.30pm NO 11 06
Coloured card: Stone church with low square tower, wall with gate in front
Titled: Nuthall Church, Notts
Message: Have you ever seen this little church? We were so interested in the P.Cs. it is so nice to get them Miss Percy was rather shocked at hers yesterday. do you think your pupils would like a P.C. sometimes. I will send some if you tell me their names. Auntie would very much like you to learn to spin & be so pleased if you could get her a spinning wheel in good condition she has wanted one for years. We like the old folks in the picture so much we shall send the old man a muffler & her a petticoat. Auntie is a little better than she was when I wrote she is not in bed or very bad.
Lots of love from Auntie & Ede.
1910 Bazaar at Kimberley. Eastwood and Kimberley Advertiser, February 11th 1910, P2. A bazaaar and sale of work took place at the Primitive Methodist Schoolroom, Kimberley on Shrove Tuesday afternoon and evening.
The Rev. J. K. Elliott (circuit minister) presided and after making a short financial statement regarding church funds introduced Mrs W. B. Hanson of Nuttall House who in a brief but graceful speech declared the sale open.
Others present were Miss Hanson (Cloverlands), Miss Treace, Mrs Bishop, Miss Cattle (Heanor) . . (long list of names)
The stallholders were: - Pot Staff: Miss Percy representing Mrs W. Hardy of the Firs ..(long list of stallholders)br>
1910 Sunday School AGM. Eastwood and Kimberley Advertiser, Friday, June 3rd 1910, P2. The annual general meeting of the Sunday School Union was held at the Baptist Church on Wednesday evening. Prior to the business, Mr Geo. Brown moved that a vote of condolence be sent to Miss Treace and relatives at the Firs Kimberley, sympathising with them in the loss sustained by the death of Mrs Hardy. 1912 To: Miss Trease, Villa Just, Benthen O.S, Germany Postmark: 6 PM, DEC 14, 12, Headcorn, Ashford
Coloured card: Road in narrow valley, chalets either side, waterfall to right.
Titled: Lauterbrunnen, Dorfstrasse
Message: Dear Auntie Pollence. Many happy returns of your birthday. I don't get many walks now, as my little mistress is never at home. I hear you have a big doggie living with you. I hope he likes you. do you take him out for walks. Mistress thinks you wanted this card to paint she has quite forgotten the others you said you wanted.
Lots of love and good wishes from Little Prince.
(Card is in Edith's handwriting - possibly sent from sister Ethel's house at Headcorn. Presumably Little Prince was Edith's dog. Ethel was also a "doggie person" and did postcards of her dogs.)
1913 To: Miss Trease, Moore's Pension, The Leas, Folkestone (re-addressed to Tappington Hall, Denton Nr Canterbury)
Postmark: 4.15pm, Ju 11, 13, Folkestone
Sepia card: Street with terrace of 3 storey houses on right.
Titled: Derby Road and entrance to Park, Nottingham
Message: Edgmont, Derby Rd. Notts.
Dearest Pollence, this is a view of the B. to five houses thrown in one up to where I have marked the trees are our garden we have tea there when the weather is nice. you are thinng (?) with lillys (Allen's?) I do want to know, how you are going on. Have you heard how ill Derek is I do hope he will pull through. I am having a good time & guess you are am very keen on Golf. had no tennis yet. Love from Ede & please write.
1913 ,To: Miss Trease, Moore's Pension, The Leas, Folkestone, England Postmark: Dinant, 11-12, 9 VII 13
Black & White card: River and bridge, town, cliffs and fort behind
Titled: Dinant, Vue prise du pont.
Message: Hotel Tete D'Or, Dinant, Wednesday. Dearest Pollence, We arrived here yesterday a lovely journey on boat from Namur. This is a lovely spot full of interesting walks. We are climbing to top of fort this morning 400 steps up. Our hotel is close to church 8 francs a day if you please not as nice as the Swiss ones either. We stay till Saturday I think, then on to Ghent & Bange (?) & back to England about Tuesday or Wed. The weather is cold and not over fine. I feel to know Brussels ever so well now with being a week there. I do wish I knew a bit more French no one seems to speak English & I often wonder how we manage our journeys.
Love from Ede.
1914 To: Miss Trease, Cleve Hall, Denmark Hill, London, England Postmark: Menton, Alpes Maritimes, .. 1-4 14
Black & White card: Seaside view, bathing pier & marina on right, road lined with palm trees on left
Titled: 461 CANNES - Palmiers - Promenade de la Croisette
Message: Menton, Wednesday,
Dearest Pollence. We leave tomorrow morning for Naples stay a night at Pisa, get there about eleven & leave next day at noon. We may stop a night at Rome or go right on see if we are very tired. Send me a line c/o Thomas Cook & Sons Naples or else it will be such an age before I get a line, we are only staying 5 days at Naples & we have to find digs when we arrive. The weather is simply lovely here, hope you are quite well.
Lots of love from Ede.
1914 To: Miss Trease, Cleve Hall, Denmark Hill, London S.E. England Postmark: Firenze, Ferrovia, 16-17, 19 V 1914
Sepia card: Staircase, painting of crucifixion at top
Titled: 506 ROMA - Scala Santa
Message: I forgot to say last night that my address till Monday is Post Restant Lugano, if you write to me again. Hope to arrive Tuesday Charing X 3-25 but just enquire as I'm not sure if that is this time or English its the boat train from Folkestone.
Lots of love Ede.
1921 29May1921 Arrival at Quebec on Minnedosa - Edith Trease, 43, Occ: Spin (ster), Destination: Calgary, Alta (Ancestry image) 1921 Undated - Ocean arrivals form 30A - Passenger declaration - EDITH TREASE(Ancestry image) Object in coming to Canada; To see the Country
Money: Over $50
Able to read?: Yes Write?: Yes
What language?: English & a little French
By whom passage paid?: By myself
Intend to remain?: No
Destination: Distant cousin ? W Won? , Calgary (NOTE - can't decipher writing)
Nearest relative: Brother, W H Trease, Cotswold, Harboro Rd., Ashton-on-Mersey
1921 04Nov1921 arrival at Seattle, Washington from Victoria, British Columbia (Ancestry image) Lillian Edith Trease, 43, no occupation, English, Nearest Relative: Mrs Florence Payne, 130 Upper Tulse Hill, London, Destination: Los Angeles, California. 1921 Arrival date 04Nov1921 - Certificate (Ancestry image) This is to certify that Miss Lillian Edith TREASE a native of England who arrived at Montreal on the steamship Minnedosa on 1st June 1921 has been duly inspected and registered and will be admitted into the US upon proper identification and surrender of this certificate to any immigration officer at the Frontier
The description of the holder is as follows:
Age: 43, Height 5' 4", Weight 130, Color of hair: Br, Color of eyes: Gray
Destination: Los Angeles, Cal.
1922 To: Ivan Payne, Crane Lodge, Upper Tulse Hill, London, S.W.2, England Postmark: Inglewood, Calif, Apr 28 1922, 8.30 AM Coloured card: Path with boxes of oranges and pickers, trees each side, Mountains behind
Titled: Oranges and Snowfields, California
Message: Dearest Ivan, This is the way oranges grow out here. We have got a lemon tree in our garden with some lemons & flowers on at the same time.
Lots of love, Auntie Ede.
c1922 To: Ivan Payne, 130 Upper Tulse Hill, London S.W.2 England Postmark: None
Coloured card: Ostriches strutting in pen
Titled: 174 - Ostrich Farm, Los Angeles, Cal.
Message: Dear Ivan, How do you enjoy being at the seaside with Mother and Daddie. Don't you think this are funny birds the have no feathers on legs or neck & can swallow an orange whole you see it go all the way down,
Auntie Edie (mistakes in original copied)
1922 To: Mrs Clement (Payne crossed out), 130 Upper Tulse Hill, London S.W.2 Postmark: 1. Inglewood, Calif, Oct 19 1922 2. Brixton, 6 Nov, 1922
Sepia card: Road with Greek Temple styled bank and two storey cinema
Titled: Cor. Commercial and Queen Streets, Inglewood. (In ink) Our Bank & New Cinema.
Message: 18 Oct Dear Pollence,
I got the photos of Ivan today and am so pleased with them, my first thought was. Oh' what a look of Florence). I think it is the mouth thats so like you. he looks to have grown very much & got such a nice little face. We got the buttons yesterday. Frank will see to them soon we are awfully busy just now & in terrible mess. So glad to get your letter.
Lots of love to all from both Frank & Edith.
1923 Probate Register entry Edith Sullivan of Inglewood California USA (wife of Francis Joseph Sullivan) died 1 March 1923 at Los Angeles California Administration (limited) London 21 September to William Allen Clement financier the attorney of the said Francis Joseph Sullivan
Note: The late Ivan Payne was incredulous about his step father working on behalf of Francis Joseph Sullivan.
Spouse Frank SULLIVAN 1920 Census. Santa Monica, Los Angeles, CA (Roll T625-116 p38 dis598 img744) Frank J SULLIVAN, white, 42, Single, b. Illinois, Salesman, in INK industry, Working on own account 1923 22May1923 Application for US Passport(Ancestry image) State: California
County: Los Angeles
I Frank Sullivan was born Chicago, Illinois on 5 Sep 1876. My father Michael J Sullivan was born in New York and is now dead
My permanent residence is Inglewood .. I desire a passport for visiting British Isles & France on business ..
I intend to leave the US from San Pedro on the Drechtyk on 30 June 1923
Passport issued 29May1923
NOTE: Frank signs the form with an incredibly scruffy signature - almost like a geriatric person
1924 m. Frank J SULLIVAN & Annie ENGLISH (Blean, Kent RD Oct-Nov-Dec 1923 2a 2235) 1924 Passenger list of DRECHTDIJK sailed from London Jan 8 1924 arriving at San Pedro Feb 11 1924(Ancestry image) Frank Joseph Sullivan, 47yrs 1m, Male, Married, b. Chicago Sep 5 1876, 124 South Hill Crest, Boulevard, Inglewood, California Annie Sullivan, 50yrs 5m. Female , Married, Naturalised through marriage,124 South Hill Crest, Boulevard, Inglewood, California NOTE: Above entry appears below Frank's but is struck through and appears on another section of list with following changes: -
The words "naturalised through marriage do not appear"
The last permanent address is given as "Ealing"
The Inglewood address is replaced with "J H Fielding, Sandiford, Northwood, Middx, England"
Another list - same ship (Ancestry image) Frank Sullivan, Last address - Tankerton Hotel, Tankerton, Kent Annie Sullivan, Last address - Tankerton Hotel, Tankerton, Kent, nearest relative - J H Fielding, Sandford, Northwood, Middx, England 1925 Petition for naturalisation Annie SULLIVAN Arrival date: 11Feb1924. Admitted as an immigrant for permanent residence.
Exemption from quota, wife of US citizen (Bu letter 22Dec1923 55190/876)
My place of residence is 124E HillCrest Blvd, Inglewood. Occupation: Housewife
Emigrated from London, England on 8th January 1924. Arrived San Pedro, CA 11Feb1924
I was born in London on 31Jul1874. My husband Frank was born 05Sep1876 Chicago
Married on 20Oct1923 in Whitstable, Kent
Signatures of Frank SULLIVAN residing at 124E HillCrest Blvd, Inglewood, retired
& Gerard DELAMER residing at 1801 S. Harvard Blvd.
1930 Census. Inglewood, Los Angeles, CA (Roll 128 p10B dis 1018) Frank SULLIVAN, white, 53, Married, b. Illinois, Father: b. New York, Mother b. Illinois, Real Estate Broker Ann SULLIVAN, white, 53, Married, b. England 1940 Census. Inglewood, Los Angeles, CA (Roll T627-234 p6B dis 19-29) Ann SULLIVAN, 66, Widow, b. England Philip Clarence BOELZER, 56, Widower, Lodger 1956 d. 07Apr1956 Los Angeles. Annie ENGLISH b. 03Jul1873 Mother's name: PALMER Father: ENGLISH NOTE: b. Annie ENGLISH (Kensington RD Jul-Aug-Sep 1873 1a 42) m. William Edwin ENGLISH & Jane PALMER (Kensington RD Oct-Nov-Dec 1870 1a 253)
c. 19Oct1873 St Mary, Paddington Green. Annie English d/o William Edwin & Jane ENGLISH (Ancestry Image) 1901 census William is shown as Coal Merchant, and Annie is a dressmaker (Ancestry Image)
RETURN to START of DATA for EDITH TREASE